BeschreibungSalinity and water stress limit crop productivity worldwide and generate substantial economic losses each year, yet innovative research on crop and natural resource management can reveal cost-effective ways in which farmers can increase both their productivity and their income. Presenting recent research findings on salt stress, water stress and stress-adapted plants, this book offers insights into new strategies for increasing the efficiency of crops under stressful environments. The strategies are based on conventional breeding and advanced molecular techniques used by plant physiologists, and are discussed using specific case studies to illustrate their potential. The book emphasizes the effects of environmental factors on specific stages of plant development, and discusses the role of plant growth regulators, nutrients, osmoprotectants and antioxidants in counteracting their adverse affects. Synthesising updated information on mechansisms of stress tolerance at cell, tissue and whole-plant level, this book provides a useful reference text for post graduate students and researchers involved in the fields of stress physiology and plant physiology in general, with additional readership amongst researchers in horticulture, agronomy, crop science, conservation, environmental management and ecological restoration.
Inhaltsverzeichnis1. Strategies for Crop Improvement against Salinity and Drought Stress: An Overview; H.R. Athar, M. Ashraf.- PART I: Salt and Water Stress. 2. Prediction of Salinity Tolerance Based on Biological and Chemical Properties of Acacia Seeds; S. Rehman et al.- 3. Antioxidant-Enzyme system as Selection Criteria for Salt Tolerance in Forage Sorghum Genotypes (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench); M. Hefny, D.Z. Abdel-Kader.- 4. Genetic Variation in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Seedlings for Nutrient Uptake at Different Salinity and Temperature Regimes; E.V.D. Sastry, M. Gupta.- 5. The Role of Plant Hormones in Plants under Salinity Stress; C. Kaya et al.- 6. Effects of Temperature and Salinity on Germination and Seedling Growth of Daucus carota vs. Nantes and Capsicum annuum cv. Sivri and Flooding on Capsicum annuum cv. Sivri; M. Ozturk et al.- 7. Triticeae: the Ultimate Source of Abiotic Stress Tolerance Improvement in Wheat; S. Farooq.- 8. Water Loss and Gene Expression of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Plants under Dehydration; T.-R. Kwon.- 9. Effect of Different Water Table Treatments on Cabbage in Saline Saemangeum Soil; M. Jamil, E.S. Rha.- 10. How Does Ammonium Nutrition Influence Salt Tolerance in Spartina alterniflora Loisel?; H. Kamel et al.- PART II: Improving Crop Efficiency. 11. Strategies for Crop Improvement in Saline Soils; R. Munns.- 12. Role of Vetiver Grass and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Improving Crops against Abiotic Stresses; A.G. Khan.- 13. Cell Membrane Stability (CMS): A Simple Technique to Check Salt Stress Alleviationthrough Seed Priming with GA3 in Canola; M. Jamil et al.- 14. Using Resources from the Model Plant Arabidopsis thaliana to Understand Effects of Abiotic Stress; M.G. Jones.- 15. Improvement of Salt Tolerance Mechanisms of Barley Cultivated under Salt Stress Using Azospirillum brasilense; M.N. Omar et al.- 16. Genetic Resources for Some Wheat Abiotic Stress Tolerances; A. Mujeeb-Kazi et al.- General Topics. 17. Survival at Extreme Locations: Life Strategies of Halophytes; H.-W. Koyro et al.- 18. Adaptive Mechanisms of Halophytes in Desert Regions; D.J. Weber.- 19. Is Sustainable Agriculture with Seawater Irrigation Realistic?; S. Breckle.- 20. Enhanced Tolerance of Transgenic Crops Expressing both Superoxide Dismutase and Ascorbate Peroxidase in Chloroplasts to Multiple Environmental Stress; S.-S. Kwak et al.- 21. Adaptation to Iron-Deficiency Requires Remodeling of Plant Metabolism: An Insight in Chloroplast Biochemistry and Functionality; A. Castagna et al.- 22. Boron Deficiency in Rice in Pakistan: A Serious Constraint for Productivity and Grain Quality; A. Rashid et al.- 23. Potential Role of Sabkhas in Egypt: An Overview; H.M. El Shaer.-
Untertitel: Improving Crop Efficiency. 'Tasks for Vegetation Science'. Softcover reprint of hardcover 1st ed. 2009. Previously published in hardcover. Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: November 2010
Seitenanzahl: 260 Seiten