Sedimentology and Sedimentary Basins: From Turbulence to Tectonics

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Januar 2011



The sedimentary record on Earth stretches back more than 4.3 billion years and is present in more abbreviated forms on companion planets of the Solar System, like Mars and Venus, and doubtless elsewhere. Reading such planetary archives correctly requires intimate knowledge of modern sedimentary processes acting within the framework provided by tectonics, climate and sea or lake level variations. The subject of sedimentology thus encompasses the origins, transport and deposition of mineral sediment on planetary surfaces. The author addresses the principles of the subject from the viewpoint of modern processes, emphasising a general science narrative approach in the main text, with quantitative background derived in enabling 'cookie' appendices. The book ends with an innovative chapter dealing with how sedimentology is currently informing a variety of cognate disciplines, from the timing and extent tectonic uplift to variations in palaeoclimate. Each chapter concludes with a detailed guide to key further reading leading to a large bibliography of over 2500 entries. The book is designed to reach an audience of senior undergraduate and graduate students and interested academic and industry professionals.


Preface, xi Acknowledgements, xiii Part 1: Making Sediment Introduction, 1 1 Clastic sediment as a chemical and physical breakdown product, 3 2 Carbonate, siliceous, iron-rich and evaporate sediments, 27 3 Sediment grain properties, 57 Part 2: Moving Fluid 4 Fluid basics, 69 5 Types of fluid motion, 84 Part 3: Transporting Sediment 6 Sediment in fluid and fluid flow--general, 113 7 Bedforms and sedimentary structures in flows and under waves, 132 8 Sediment gravity flows and their deposits, 171 9 Liquefaction, fluidization and sliding sediment deformation, 198 Part 4: Major External Controls on Sedimentation and Sedimentary Environments 10 Major external controls on sedimentation, 213 Part 5: Continental Sedimentary Environments 11 Rivers, 245 12 Subaerial Fans: Alluvial and Colluvial, 282 13 Aeolian Sediments in Low-Latitude Deserts, 295 14 Lakes, 319 15 Ice, 344 Part 6: Marine Sedimentary Environments 16 Estuaries, 371 17 River and Fan Deltas, 386 18 Linear Siliciclastic Shorelines, 417 19 Siliciclastic Shelves 20 Calcium-carbonate--evaporite Shorelines, 21 Deep Ocean, 514 Part 7: Architecture of Sedimentary Basins 22 Sediment in Sedimentary Basins: A User's Guide, 563 Part 8: Topics: Sediment Solutions to Interdisciplinary Problems 23 Sediments Solve Wider Interdisciplinary Cookies, 646 Maths Appendix, 697 References, 702 Index, 753 Colour plates fall between pp. 402 and 403


Mike Leeder is Professor Emeritus at the University of East Anglia, Norwich, England. A geologist by training, at the University of Durham, he has researched and taught sedimentology since 1969, beginning as a graduate student at the Sedimentological Research Laboratory, University of Reading under the legendary Perce Allen and as faculty member at the Universities of Leeds and East Anglia. He is particularly interested in sedimentological fluid dynamics, basin analysis and the links between sedimentary processes and climate change.


"For them, I cannot recommend it too highly, this being a lifetime of scholarly endeavour encapsulated in one volume. It will, I am sure, be a standard reference for years to come." ( Geology Today , 1 May 2011) "The book is designed to reach an audience of senior undergraduate and graduate students and interested academic and industry professionals." (Solid Waste & Recycling, 8 March 2011)
EAN: 9781444349924
ISBN: 1444349929
Untertitel: From Turbulence to Tectonics. Revised. Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: Januar 2011
Seitenanzahl: 784 Seiten
Format: gebunden
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