The bilingual advantage: Considering socioeconomic and literacy effects

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Juni 2011



It has been documented that bilingual children often outperform monolingual children in executive attention because of their long-term practice of controlling attention between two languages. This study aimed to examine whether different levels of literacy of bilinguals influences executive attention when differences in SES and linguistic proficiency are controlled for. Twenty eight 6-year-old English- Chinese bilingual children of identical SES and literacy level were recruited. Results indicated that the bilingual group with higher literacy level did significantly better than the other group on overall accuracy of the ANT although both groups were balanced English-Chinese bilinguals. However, in terms of the mean reaction time, no significant differences were found between both groups. In addition, controlling for SES differences did not attenuate the bilingual advantage in cognitive control, and the linguistic proficiency of bilinguals did not play a role in diminishing the bilingual advantage.


Carissa Kang has recently graduated with a Masters in Education, majoring in Human Development and Psychology, at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. She will be pursuing a PhD in Human Development at Cornell University this fall. Her research interest includes language development in young children, more specifically, bilingualism.
EAN: 9783639366600
ISBN: 3639366603
Untertitel: Bilingual children's advantages in executive function. Paperback. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: VDM Verlag
Erscheinungsdatum: Juni 2011
Seitenanzahl: 76 Seiten
Format: kartoniert
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