The Police Composite Sketch

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September 2010



The police composite sketch, one of the most crucial investigative tools in law enforcement, is developed during a composite session-an intense display of communication and art in which the words of a witness are transformed into the features of a suspect. Despite the incredible technological leaps made in investigative work, the forensic science of composite sketching still relies on the basic elements of drawing skill, interpretive ability and the spoken word.The Police Composite Sketch is a comprehensive manual on how to conduct a complete composite session. Through an array of case studies, it details several disciplines that comprise this specialized forensic art, including composite sketching, image modification, age progression, facial comparison analysis, demonstrative evidence and postmortem/skull reconstruction. It also explores how to intuit insights that are often inadvertently revealed by witnesses, victims and perpetrators during the composite session. In addition, this book discusses other relevant topics, such as the three-stage drawing technique, witness and victim types, descriptive terminologies, managing composite sessions. Complete with numerous illustrations and drawing tips, this seminal work offers a general composite session philosophy and specific session strategies to both experienced and aspiring forensic artists as well as any lay reader intrigued by this fascinating skill.





Forensic Art
Are court room artist forensic artist?
Definitions of forensic art disciplines
Becoming a Forensic Artist
How do I begin to be a forensic artist?
Story1: "Mob Hit"
Composite Art
Basic Composite Case Study: "A Serial Rapist"
Art Materials
What kinds of art materials are used?
Story2: "Equipment"


Basic Concepts
Story 3: "First Sketch"
The Beginning of the Composite Session
Working Case Study: "The Psycho Straphanger"
The Interview
Does the artist need to get a detective's experience interrogating suspects and will this help the artist conduct a composite session?
Case Study 1: "Impaired Victim"
The Composite Session Continues
Session dynamics
Case Study 2: "Racial Sensibilities"
Is there any written record of what a witness or victim says or describes? Concepts before Starting to Draw
How long does a composite session last?
When the artist is drawing, where should the victim or witness sit?


Proportional Stage of the Sketch
Average and Normal Rule
Realm of Possibility
Characteristic Stage of the Sketch
Rendering Stage of the Sketch
Feature value distinction
The Composite Session Ends
When assessing the success of a completed composite sketch, should a numerical scale be used such as requesting the victim to rate a sketch from 1 to 10?


Witness and Victim Types
Males and Females
Case Study3: "Dual Victim Rape"
What is the youngest age a victim or witness can participate in a composite session?
Case Study 4: "Elderly Victim"
Case Study 5: "Con Game"
Case Study 6:
Does the intelligence of a victim or witness play a significant role during a composite session?
Police Department Supporters and Skeptics
Unusual Case 1: "Unique Victims"


Descriptive Terminologies
Average, Basic and Shape Words
Case Study 7: "Silver Gun Bandit"
Age Indications
Demeanor, Character and Build Words

Facial Feature Terminologies
Head and Face Words
Eye Words
Nose Words
Mouth, Lips and Teeth Words
Hair Words
Facial Hair and Eyebrow Words
Ear Words
Forehead Words
Cheeks and Cheekbone Words
Chin and Jaw Words
Neck Words
Why the artist wouldn't always include the neck?
Special Facial Feature Words

Race Terminology
African Americans Terms
Is it necessary to render an African American suspect very dark in value if described as such?
Hispanic Terms
Caucasian Terms
Asian Terms
American Indian Terms
Mixed and Unknown Races

Color Indicators
Imaginative Phrases

Accessory Terminology
Case Study 8: "Disguise"

Responses of Uncertainty, Positives and/or Negatives
Uncertainty Responses
Positive Responses
Negative Responses

Responses of Criticism
Body Language
Unusual Case 2: "Body Gestures"
Miscellaneous Responses
Practical Study: Jack the Ripper
Terminology Conclusion


Difficult Composite Sessions
Five Artist Attributes
Should the artist concentrate on making the victim laugh to achieve success?
Field Sketches
Case Study 9: "Hospitalized Victim"
Case Study 10: "Pet Store"
Unidentified Dead on Arrival (D.O.A. Sketches)
Unusual Case 3:
Case Study 11:

Difficult Witnesses and Victims
Unintentional Difficult Behaviors
Case Study 12: "Dentist Shooting"
Intentional Difficult Behaviors
How does the artist identify deception?
Case Study 13: "Baby Abduction"

The Press
Case Study 14: "Central Park Assault"
Multiple Witnesses
Enhancing a completed sketch
Miscellaneous Difficulties


Composite Sketching Tips
Drawing Skill Tips
Proportion Drawing Tips
Characteristic Drawing



From the reviews:

'I would certainly recommend Stephen Mancusi's text, The Police Composite Sketch, to anyone interested in the process of artistically retrieving a face from memory for investigative purposes. Though not the first book solely devoted to composite sketching, it is the best one. ' This volume serves as a tangible representation of a highly successful career's worth of crime-fighting police composite art. ' The information shared, particularly drawing tips, should be useful to both novice and seasoned police artists.' (Karen T. Taylor, Amazon, December, 2010)


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EAN: 9781607618324
Untertitel: 2010. Auflage. Bibliographie. eBook. Sprache: Englisch. Dateigröße in MByte: 10.
Verlag: Humana Press
Erscheinungsdatum: September 2010
Seitenanzahl: xx222
Format: pdf eBook
Kopierschutz: Adobe DRM
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