The Shi'is of Iraq

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Februar 2003



"The Shii's of Iraq" provides a comprehensive history of Iraq's majority group and its turbulent relations with the ruling Sunni minority. Yitzhak Nakash challenges the widely held belief that Shi'i society and politics in Iraq are a reflection of Iranian Shi'ism, pointing to the strong Arab attributes of Iraqi Shi'ism. A new introduction brings this book into the new century and illuminates the role that Shi'is could play in a future Iraq after Saddam Hussein.


A Note on Transliteration
Ch. 1The Making of Iraqi Shii Society13
Iraq the Frontier14
The Shrine Cities18
The Conversion of the Tribes to Shiism25
The Nature of the Conversion43
Ch. 2Years of Upheaval49
The Impact of Two Revolutions50
Muslim Unity and the Jihad Movement55
The 1919 Plebiscite61
The 1920 Revolt66
Ch. 3Exercising Social Control75
Containing the Mujtahids75
Managing the Tribal Shaykhs88
Baghdad and the Shrine Cities94
The Blow to the Status of Persians100
Human Dilemmas105
Ch. 4The Search for Political Representation109
Recognizing the State109
The 1935 Revolt120
The Bid for Power125
The Radical Options132
Ch. 5The Commemoration of 'Ashura'141
The Nature of the Muharram Observances142
The Mujtahids and the Muharram Observances154
The State and 'Ashura'157
Ch. 6Pilgrimage to the Shrine Cities and the Cult of the Saints163
Foreign Pilgrimage164
Internal Visitation173
Ch. 7The Corpse Traffic184
Development and Socioeconomic Functions185
The Religious Creed versus the Social Order192
The State and the Corpse Traffic197
Ch. 8Shii Money and the Shrine Cities205
The Building of an Economic Base206
The Oudh Bequest211
The Consequences of Dependency on Foreign Funds229
Ch. 9The Shii Madrasa in Iraq238
Features and Functions241
Signs of Decline247
A New Iraqi Shii Madrasa262
Epilogue: The Gulf War and its Aftermath273
Appendix 1 The Constitution of the Buraq Quarter of Najaf283
Appendix 2 Important Shii Shrines, Tombs, and Holy Sites in Iraq285
Appendix 3 Shii Holy Burial Sites287


Yitzhak Nakash teaches Middle Eastern history at Brandeis University. His publications on Iraq and Shi'i Islam have gained recognition in the United States and Europe as well as in the Arab world and in Iran. He is currently completing a new book focusing on Shi'ism and nationalism in the Arab world.


Nakash's account of the process of community formation in Iraq has fascinating implications for modern Middle Eastern history. In that broad historical revolution which is the settlement of the Middle Eastern tribes, we can see that the agents were: Sufism in most of the Sunni countries; fundamentalist Islam in Arabia; and Shi'ism in Iraq and Iran. In each case, the primitive Islam of the tribes takes on a new form as an accompaniment to a fundamental change in economic and social life.
EAN: 9780691115757
ISBN: 0691115753
Untertitel: Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: Februar 2003
Seitenanzahl: 312 Seiten
Format: kartoniert
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