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The Scripting of the Germanic Languages


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August 2014

Beschreibung

Beschreibung

The early medieval Germanic languages started to be written down in the Roman alphabet when their speakers converted to Christianity and adopted parts of Late Antique culture. For the West Germanic dialects spoken in England and on the Continent, this process took place essentially from the late 7th to the early 9th century. The scripting of these languages included the transfer and adaptation of the alphabet to the vernacular languages. Some of the specifically Germanic sounds caused spelling problems since there were no characters available for them in the Roman alphabet. The analysed data reveal surprisingly sophisticated spellings, demonstrating both a high degree of phonological awareness as well as an intimate knowledge of Latin orthography on the part of the writers. The study demonstrates that these early writing systems, though highly idiosyncratic, are more regular than has previously been known: The first writers of German and English follow the orthographic rules that they set up for themselves with unexpected consistency.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

THE SCRIPTING OF THE GERMANIC LANGUAGES

From spoken to written word

The scripting of West Germanic
West Frankish
Old English
Old High German
Old Saxon

Corpus of the present study
Old English sources
Early Anglo-Saxon charters
The Épinal glossary
The Old English material in Bede's Ecclesiastical History
Later Old English sources
Old High German sources
Early Old High German glosses
Vocabularius Sti Galli
Part Ka of the Old High German Abrogans glossary
OHG Isidore translation
Later Old High German sources
Old Saxon sources
Old Saxon Creed
Later Old Saxon sources

Spelling problems
The consonants of the West Germanic languages
Scripting with the Latin alphabet

HISTORICAL GRAPHEMICS

Methodological problems of graphemic research
"Deficiencies" of writing
The reading process
Circular reasoning

Phonographic and morphographic

Method and terminology
The concept of the sound position
Characters, graphs and graphemes
Quantification and the concept of the leading graph
Some methodological consequences and problems

GRAPHEMIC ANALYSIS I: MISSING LETTERS

Outline

Gmc. */w/ in OE, OHG, OS
Phonology
Sound positions
Old English
Old High German
Old Saxon
Summary and conclusions

Gmc. */þ/ in OE, OHG, OS
Phonology
Sound positions
Old English
Old High German
Old Saxon
Summary and conclusions

Gmc. */?/ in OE, OS, OHG and Gmc. */k/ in OHG
Phonology
Sound positions
Old English
Old High German
Old Saxon
Summary and conclusions

Gmc. */b/ in OE, OS, OCFr
Phonology
Sound positions
Old English
Old Saxon
Summary and conclusions

Spellings for OHG /tz/ and /zz/ (< Gmc. */t/)
Phonology
Sound positions
Old High German
Summary and conclusions

GRAPHEMIC ANALYSIS II: "SUPERFLUOUS" LETTERS

Outline
The letter k
The letter q
The letter x
The letter z
Summary and conclusion

RESULTS

Towards a history of spelling
Old English
Overview
Contextualisation of analysed texts
Old High German
Overview
Contextualisation of analysed texts
Old Saxon
Summary and conclusion

Variability of early medieval scripts
Measures of variability and consistency
Consistency and the identification of leading graphs
Summary and conclusion

Portrait

Annina SeilerWissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Englischen Seminar der Universität Zürich. Ehemalige Mitarbeiterin am Nationalen Forschungsschwerpunkt (NFS) 'Medienwandel - Medienwechsel - Medienwissen. Historische Perspektiven'.
EAN: 9783034010306
ISBN: 3034010303
Untertitel: A comparative study of «spelling difficulties» in Old English, Old High German and Old Saxon. 'Medienwandel - Medienwechsel - Medienwissen'. zahlreiche Grafiken und Tabellen. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: Chronos Verlag
Erscheinungsdatum: August 2014
Seitenanzahl: 268 Seiten
Format: kartoniert
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