The Logic of Analogy

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Juli 1971



The need for another study on the doctrine of analogy in the writings ofSt Thomas may not be obvious, since a complete bibliography in this area would doubtless assume depressing proportions. The present work is felt to be justified because it attempts a full-fledged alternative to the interpretation given in Cajetan's De nominum analogia, an interpretation which has provided the framework for subsequent discussions of the question. Recently, it is true, there has been growing dissatisfaction with Cajetan's approach; indeed there have been wholesale attacks on the great commentator who is alleged to have missed the clef de voute of the metaphysics of his master. Applied to our problem, this criticism leads to the view that Cajetan was not metaphysical enough, or that he was metaphysical in the wrong way, in his discussion of the analogy of names. As its title indicates, the present study is not in agreement with Cajetan's contention that the analogy of names is a metaphysical doctrine. It is precisely a logical doctrine in the sense that "logical" has for St Thomas. We have no desire to be associated with attacks on Cajetan, the meta­ physician, attacks we feel are quite wrongheaded. If Cajetan must be criticized for his interpretation of the analogy of names, it is imperative that he be criticized for the right reasons. Moreover, criticism ofCajetan in the present study is limited to his views on the analogy of names.


I. The Problem of Analogy.
- 1. Cajetan on Analogy.- (a) De nominum analogia.- (1) Analogy of Inequality.- (2) Analogy of Attribution.- (3) Analogy of Proportionality.- (b) The Commentary on Summa theologiae.
- 2. Sylvester of Ferrara.-
II. Logic and Analogy.-
III. The Nature of Logic.
- 1. Beings of Reason and the Subject of Logic.
- 2. The Logical and Real Orders.-
IV. The Significatïon of Names.
- 1. Logic and Naming.
- 2. Sign and Signification.
- 3. The Imposition of Names.
- 4. Modus signicandi; res significata.
- 5. Ratio quam significat nomen.
- 6. Signification and Supposition.-
V. The Analogy of Names.
- 1. Things Named Equivocally.
- 2. Things Named Univocally.
- 3. Things Named Analogically.-
VI. The Division of Analogy.
- 1. Multorum ad unum, Unius ad alterum.
- 2. Proportion and Proportionality.
- 3. Extrinsic Denomination and Analogous Names.
- 4. Aliquid dicitur secundum analogiam tripliciter.- (a) Secundum intentionem, non secundum esse.- (b) Secundum esse, non secundum intentionem.- (1) Genus logice loquendo.- (2) Genus physice loquendo.- (3) Univocal or analogous?.- (4) Who is the logicus?.- (c) Secundum intentionem, secundum esse.
- 5. Summary.-
VII. The Analogical Cause.
- 1. Diversus modus existendi impedit univocationem.
- 2. Predication and Causality.
- 3. Primum in aliquo genere.-
VIII. Knowledge and Analogy.
- 1. Justice and Analogy.
- 2. Proportion and Quantity.
- 3. Our Knowledge of Prime Matter.
- 4. Proportionality, Metaphor, Analogous Names.-
IX. The Divine Names.
- 1. Can God be Named by Us?.
- 2. Why Many Divine Names?.
- 3. Omne nomen cum defectu est.
- 4. Ordo nominis, ordo rerum.-
X. Concluding.- Appendix: Table of texts cited.- Index rerum et nominum.
EAN: 9789024701049
ISBN: 902470104X
Untertitel: An Interpretation of St Thomas. Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1971. Book. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: Springer
Erscheinungsdatum: Juli 1971
Seitenanzahl: 200 Seiten
Format: kartoniert
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