AthleticEnhancement, Human Nature and Ethics

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Januar 2015



The book provides an in-depth discussion on the human nature concept from different perspectives and from different disciplines, analyzing its use in the doping debate and researching its normative overtones. The relation between natural talent and enhanced abilities is scrutinized within a proper conceptual and theoretical framework: is doping to be seen as a factor of the athlete's dehumanization or is it a tool to fulfill his/her aspirations to go faster, higher and stronger? Which characteristics make sports such a peculiar subject of ethical discussion and what are the, both intrinsic and extrinsic, moral dangers and opportunities involved in athletic enhancement? This volume combines fundamental philosophical anthropological reflection with applied ethics and socio-cultural and empirical approaches. Furthermore guidelines will be presented to decision- and policy-makers on local, national and international levels. Zooming in on the intrinsic issue of what is valuable about our homo sapiens biological condition, this volume devotes only scant attention to the specific issue of natural talent and why such talent is appreciated so differently than biotechnological origins of ability. In addition, specific aspects of sports such as its competitive nature and its direct display of bodily prowess provide good reason to single out the issue of natural athletic talent for sustained ethical scrutiny.¿


Preface by Thomas H. Murray, President Emeritus of the Hastings Center and Chair of the Ethical Issues Review Panel for the World Anti-Doping Agency.Introduction: Human nature as a promising concept to make sense of the spirit of sport.-
Part I Conceptual and Theoretical Framework.- Jan Tolleneer and Paul Schotsmans, Self, other, play, display and humanity. Development of a five-level model for the analysis of ethical arguments in the athletic enhancement debate.- Christian Lenk, Is human enhancement unnatural and would this be an ethical problem?.- Pieter Bonte, Dignified doping: truly unthinkable? An existentialist critique of 'talentocracy' in sports. -
Part II Transgressing the limits of human nature.- Eric Juengst, Subhuman, superhuman, and inhuman. Human nature and the enhanced athlete.- Trijsje Franssen, Prometheus on dope. A natural aim for improvement or a hubristic drive to mastery?.- Darian Meacham, Outliers, freaks, and cheats. Constituting normality in the age of enhancement.-
Part III The normative value of human nature.- Andreas De Block, Doping use as an artistic crime. On natural performances and authentic art.- Andrew Holowchak, Something from nothing or nothing from something?. Performance-enhancing drugs, risk, and the natures of contest and of humans.- Mike McNamee, Transhuman athletes and pathological perfectionism. Recognising limits in sports and human nature.-
Part IV Socio-cultural and empirical approaches.- Marianne Raakilde Jespersen, "Definitely not for women". An online community's reflections on women's use of performance enhancing drugs in recreational sports.- Denis Hauw, Toward a situated and dynamic understanding of doping behaviors.- Tara Magdalinski, Restoring or enhancing athletic bodies. Oscar Pistorius and the threat to pure performance.-
Part V Practices and policies.- John Hoberman, Sports physicians, human nature, and the limits of medical enhancement.- Bengt Kayser and Barbara Broers, Anti-doping policies: choosing between imperfections.- Roger Brownsword, A simple regulatory principle for performance-enhancing technologies. Too good to be true?



From the book reviews: "The book collects contributions of different authors with diverging points of views ... providing a rich analysis of one of the most controversial aspects of sports. ... For those who work in the field of clinical bioethics (i.e., clinical ethics consultants or ethics committee members) and for those who are interested in implementing the knowledge of the relation between sport and doping, this book may serve as a very useful tool for in-depth analysis of these ethical issues." (Luciana Caenazzo, Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics, Vol. 35, 2014) "This edited book presents a thorough discussion of enhanced athletics in relation to different conceptions of human nature. ... The diversity of perspectives and approaches this book presents are meant to reach a wide range of readers. From philosophers to anthropologists to policy-makers, different sections will challenge and engage readers from a broad spectrum of scholarly backgrounds. ... This book is an excellent comprehensive look at the debate, and it is particularly successful in presenting a diversity of frameworks." (Heidi R. Pieroni, Doody's Book Reviews, July, 2013)
EAN: 9789400795334
ISBN: 9400795335
Untertitel: Threats and Opportunities of Doping Technologies. 'International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine'. 2013. Auflage. Previously published in hardcover. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: Springer
Erscheinungsdatum: Januar 2015
Seitenanzahl: 332 Seiten
Format: kartoniert
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