BeschreibungEfficient and equitable policies for managing disaster risks and adapting to global environmental change are critically dependent on development of robust options supported by integrated modeling. The book is based on research and state-of-the art models developed at IIASA (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) and within its cooperation network. It addresses the methodological complexities of assessing disaster risks, which call for stochastic simulation, optimization methods and economic modeling. Furthermore, it describes policy frameworks for integrated disaster risk management, including stakeholder participation facilitated by user-interactive decision-support tools. Applications and results are presented for a number of case studies at different problem scales and in different socio-economic contexts, and their implications for loss sharing policies and economic development are discussed. Among others, the book presents studies for insurance policies for earthquakes in the Tuscany region in Italy and flood risk in the Tisza river basin in Hungary. Further, it investigates the economic impact of natural disasters on development and possible financial coping strategies; and applications are shown for selected South Asian countries. The book is addressed both to researchers and to organizations involved with catastrophe risk management and risk mitigation policies.
InhaltsverzeichnisForeword Introduction PART I. Integrated modeling and risk sharing 1. Catastrophic Risk Management: Flood and Seismic Risks Case Studies2 . Managing Flash Flood Risk to Vienna and its Subway System - Uncertainty and Modeling 3. Handling Multiple Criteria in Flood Management PART II. Economic developments under catastrophes 4. Economic Growth under Catastrophes 5. Evaluation of Dams for Flood Protection: Economic and Equity Aspects6. The CATSIM Model for Assessing Policy Response to Disasters in Developing Countries 7. Modelling the Economic Effects of Disaster Risk in Nepal PART III. Flood risk management for the Tisza River Basin in Hungary 8. Catastrophe Models and Policy Processes. Managing Flood Risk in the Hungarian Tisza River Basin. An Introduction.9. Social Indicators of Vulnerability to Floods - An Empirical Case Study in Two Upper Tisza Flood Basins 10. Designing a Flood Management and Insurance System in Hungary: A Model-Based Stakeholder Approach 11. Consensus by Simulation: A Flood Model for Participatory Policy 12. A Risk-Based Decision Analytic Approach to Assessing Multi-Stakeholder Policy Problems13. Financial Instruments in Integrated Catastrophic Flood Management: Demand for contingent credits14. Flood Loss Considerations and Adaptation Strategies due to Climate Change in Hungary and the Tisza Region Index
PressestimmenFrom the book reviews: "This edited volume provides an introduction to the research and to several case studies that have emerged from that work. ... This volume would be of interest to researchers and practitioners in the practical modeling of natural hazards and catastrophic risks." (IEEE Control Systems Magazine, October, 2013)
Untertitel: Supporting Policy Processes. 'Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research'. 2013. Auflage. Previously published in hardcover. Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: Januar 2015
Seitenanzahl: 300 Seiten