Foundations of Morality, Human Rights, and the Human Sciences
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BeschreibungThe essays in this volume constitute a portion of the research program being carried out by the International Society for Phenomenology and the Human Sciences. Established as an affiliate society of the World Institute for Ad vanced Phenomenological Research and Learning in 1976, in Arezzo, Italy, by the president of the Institute, Dr Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka, this particular society is devoted to an exploration of the relevance of phenomenological methods and insights for an understanding of the origins and goals of the specialised human sciences. The essays printed in the first part of the book were originally presented at the Second Congress of this society held at Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, 12-14 July 1979. The second part of the volume consists of selected essays from the third convention (the Eleventh International Congress of Phenomenology of the World Phenomen ology Institute) held in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1981. With the third part of this book we pass into the "Human Rights" issue as treated by the World Phenomenology Institute at the Interamerican Philosophy Congress held in Tallahassee, Florida, also in 1981. The volume opens with a mono graph by Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka on the foundations of ethics in the moral practice within the life-world and the social world shown as clearly distinct. The main ideas of this work had been presented by Tymieniecka as lead lectures to the three conferences giving them a tight research-project con sistency.
InhaltsverzeichnisInaugural Essay.- The Moral Sense: A Discourse on the Phenomenological Foundation of the Social World and of Ethics.- I Phenomenology in an Interdisciplinary Communication with the Human Sciences: Questions of the Method.- A. The Phenomenological Challenge in Sociology.- Phenomenological Methods in Sociological Research.- On the Meaning of 'Adequacy' in the Sociology of Alfred Schutz.- Contribution to the Debate: On the Phenomenological Challenge in Sociology.- Twentieth-century Realism and the Autonomy of the Human Sciences: The Case of George Santayana.- Method in Integrative Transformism.- Methodological Neutrality in Pragmatism and Phenomenology.- Contribution to the Debate: Heidegger on Rhetoric.- B. Human Being, World, Cognition.- The Problem of Reality as Seen from the Viewpoint of Existential Phenomenology.- Heidegger's Transcendental-Phenomenological "Justification" of Science.- Contribution to the Debate: Heidegger's Theory of Authentic Discourse.- A Descriptive Science of the Pretheoretical World: A Husserlian Theme in Its Historical Context.- Darwin's Phenomenological Embarrassment and Freud's Solution.- Contribution to the Debate: Phenomenology and Empiricism.- The Relationship of Theory and Emancipation in Husserl and Habermas.- Contribution to the Debate: Professor Wallulis on Theory and Emancipation.- C. Some Issues for Phenomenology in Epistemology and Philosophy of Religion.- The Reductions and Existence: Bases for Epistemology.- Intersubjectivity and Accessibility.- Once More into the Lion's Mouth: Another Look at van der Leeuw's Phenomenology of Religion.- II The Foundations of Morality and the Human Sciences.- A. Foundations of Morality and Nature.- Aground on the Ground of Values: Friedrich Nietzsche.- Man as the Focal Point of Human Science.- On Biologicized Ethics: A Critique of the Biological Approach to the Human Sciences.- B. Foundations of Morality and the Life-World.- The Foundations of Morality and the Human Sciences.- Value and Ideology.- Schutz's Thesis and the Moral Basis for Humanistic Sociology.- The Moral Crisis of Explanation in the Social Sciences.- C. Science and Morality.- Medicine and the Moral Basis of the Human Sciences.- Heidegger's Existential Conception of Science.- Philosophy and Psychology Confronted with the Need for a Moral Significance of Life.- Contribution to the Debate: Scientific Psychology and Moral Philosophy in the Knowledge of Human Nature: Two Lines of Research.- Contribution to the Debate: Some Remarks on the Role of Psychology in Man's Ethical World View.- Emotion and the Good in Moral Development.- The Genesis of Moral Judgment.- D. Morality: From Life-Experience to Moral Concepts.- Surrender to Morality as the Morality of Surrender.- The Socio-philosophical Conception of Kurt H. Wolff.- On Purpose, Obligation, and Transcendental Semantics.- III Phenomenology and the Human Sciences in a Common Approach to "Human Rights".- Le Primat du théorique à l'égard du normatif chez Husserl.- La Intersubjetividad absoluta en Husserl y el ideal de una sociedad racional.- On Some Contributions of Existential Phenomenology to Sociology of Law: Formalism and Historicism.- Rights, Responsibilities, and Existentialist Ethics.- Elementos para una teoria de la transubjetividad - A la fenomenología de los derechos humanos.- The Person, Basis for Human Rights.- Index of Names.
Untertitel: Phenomenology in a Foundational Dialogue with the Human Sciences. 'Analecta Husserliana'. 1983. Auflage. Book. Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: April 1983
Seitenanzahl: 604 Seiten