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Multiresolution Methods in Scattered Data Modelling


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April 2004

Beschreibung

Beschreibung

This application-oriented work concerns the design of efficient, robust and reliable algorithms for the numerical simulation of multiscale phenomena. To this end, various modern techniques from scattered data modelling, such as splines over triangulations and radial basis functions, are combined with customized adaptive strategies, which are developed individually in this work. The resulting multiresolution methods include thinning algorithms, multi­ levelapproximation schemes, and meshfree discretizations for transport equa­ tions. The utility of the proposed computational methods is supported by their wide range of applications, such as image compression, hierarchical sur­ face visualization, and multiscale flow simulation. Special emphasis is placed on comparisons between the various numerical algorithms developed in this work and comparable state-of-the-art methods. To this end, extensive numerical examples, mainly arising from real-world applications, are provided. This research monograph is arranged in six chapters: 1. Introduction; 2. Algorithms and Data Structures; 3. Radial Basis Functions; 4. Thinning Algorithms; 5. Multilevel Approximation Schemes; 6. Meshfree Methods for Transport Equations. Chapter 1 provides a preliminary discussion on basic concepts, tools and principles of multiresolution methods, scattered data modelling, multilevel methods and adaptive irregular sampling. Relevant algorithms and data structures, such as triangulation methods, heaps, and quadtrees, are then introduced in Chapter 2.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Introduction: Scattered Data Modelling, Multiresolution Methods, Multilevel Methods, Adaptive Irregular Sampling.
Algorithms and Data Structures: Triangulation Methods, Delaunay Triangulations, Voronoi Diagrams, Data-Dependent Triangulations, Heaps and Priority Queues, Quadtrees.
Radial Basis Functions: Interpolation, Conditionally Positive Definite Functions, Optimal Recovery, Pointwise Optimality, Error Estimates, Numerical Stability, Uncertainty Principle, Polyharmonic Splines, Optimal Point Sampling, Least Squares Approximation.
Thinning Algorithms: Preliminary Remarks, Generic Formulation, Non-Adaptive Thinning, Scattered Data Filtering, Adaptive Thinning, Adaptive Thinning in Digital Image Compression.
Multilevel Approximation Schemes: Generic Formulation, Multilevel Interpolation, Adaptive Multilevel Approximation, Hierarchical Surface Visualization.
Meshfree Methods for Transport Equations: Transport Equations, Meshfree Method of Backward Characteristics, Adaption Rules, Multiscale Flow Simulation.

Innenansichten

EAN: 9783540204794
ISBN: 3540204792
Untertitel: 'Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering'. Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2004. Book. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: Springer
Erscheinungsdatum: April 2004
Seitenanzahl: 204 Seiten
Format: kartoniert
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