The Essence of Manifestation
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BeschreibungThis book was born of a refusal, the refusal of the very philosophy from which it has sprung. After the war, when it had become apparent that the classical tradition, and particularly neo-Kantianism, was breathing its last, French thought looked to Germany for its inspiration and renewal. Jean Hyppolite and Kojeve reintroduced Hegel and the "existentialists" and phenomenologists drew the attention of a curious public to the fundamental investigations of Husserl and Heidegger. If only by being understood as a phenomenological ontology, this books speaks eloquently enough of the debt it owes to these thinkers of genius. The conceptual material which it uses, particn1arly in chapters 1 to 44, outlines the Husserlian and Heideggerian horizon of the investigations. However, it is precisely this horizon which is questioned. In spite of its profundity and achievements, I wanted to show that contemporary ontology pushes to the absolute the presuppositions and the limits of the philosophy of consciousness since Descartes and even of all Western philosophy since the Greeks. An 'External' critique, viz. the opposing of one thesis to another, wonld have no sense whatever. Rather, it is interior to these presuppositions whose insufficiency had to be shown that we placed ourselves; the very concepts which were rejected were also the ones which guided the problem initially.
InhaltsverzeichnisIntroduction: The Problem of the Being of the Ego and the Fundamental Presuppositions of Ontology.
- 1. The Idea of Apodictic Evidence as a Path of Privileged Access to the Being of the Ego.
- 2. The Need for First Constructing a Universal Phenomenological Ontology.
- 3. Progress beyond Intuitionism and the Setting Forth of the Universal Phenomenological Horizon.
- 4. The Inclusion of the Ego Cogito and its Problematic within the Horizon set free by Universal Phenomenological Ontology.
- 5. The Problem of the Insertion of the Ego Cogito within the Universal Phenomenological Horizon: The 'Being' of the Absolute Ego.
- 6. The Difficulties Relative to the Construction of Universal Phenomenological Ontology.
- 7. The Problematic concerning the Being of the Ego Interpreted as an Original and Fundamental Problematic.-
Section I. The Clarification of the Concept of Phenomenon: Ontological Monism.
- 8. The Clarification of the Essence of the Phenomenon: The Central Task of Phenomenology.
- 9. The Unilateral Determination of the Essence of the Phenomenon and the Concept of 'Phenomenological Distance'.
- 10. Phenomenological Distance and the Splitting of Being: Presence and Alienation.
- 11. Ontological Monism and the Problem of its Being Surpassed: Philosophy of Consciousness and Philosophy of Being.
- 12. The Critique of the Philosophy of Consciousness.
- 13. The Ambiguity of 'Dasein'. Essence and Determination.
- 14. The Relationship between the Essence and the Ontic Determination in the Philosophy of Consciousness.
- 15. The Ontological Meaning of the Problematic which Aims at the Essence and the Original Concept of Finitude.
- 16. The Idea of the Formal Structure of the Autonomy of the Essence and the Task of Repeating the Ontological Clarification of the Concept of Phenomenon.-
Section II. The Repeating of the Clarification of the Concept of Phenomenon Transcendence and Immanence.
- 17. The Original Characteristic of the Manifestation of Being and the Problem of Natural Consciousness.
- 18. The Concept of Representation: Ontological Structure and Existentiell Understanding.
- 19. Being-for-itself from the Ontological Point of View and from the Existentiell Point of View: Consciousness and Truth.
- 20. The Critique of the Hegelian Concept of Experience.
- 21. The Reaffirmation of the Original Character of the Manifestation of Being in the Bringing to Light of its non-Historical Character.
- 22. The Interpretation of the Essence of Phenomenality Interior to the Fundamental Presuppositions of Monism and the Problem of Receptivity. The Ontological Meaning of this Problem.
- 23. The Internal Possibility of the Receptivity of Being and the Problematic of Schematism.
- 24. The Reaffirmation of the Central Character of the Problem of Receptivity and the Ontological Interpretation of Time as Auto-Affection.
- 25. The Clarification of the Essence of Receptivity and the Problem of the Phenomenological Determination of the Original Reality of Transcendence.
- 26. The Intervention of Man into the Problematic of Receptivity and the non-Pertinence of the Original Conditions of Truth to the Absolute Milieu of Exteriority.
- 27. The Understanding of the Central Character of the Problematic of Receptivity and the Questioning of the Ultimate Ontological Presuppositions of Monism.
- 28. The Abstract Character of the Essence of Manifestation Interior to the Ontological Presuppositions of Monism and the Problem of Building a Phenomenology of the Foundation.
- 29. The Making Evident of the Ontological Motif of the Impotence of the Problematic at Building a Phenomenology of the Foundation and Giving a Content to the Idea of the Formal Structure of Autonomy.
- 30. The Ontological Determination of the Original Essence of Revelation as Immanence. Immanent Content and Transcendent Content.
- 31. The Fundamental Ambiguity of the Concept of Auto-Affection. Auto-Affection and Affection by Self.
- 32. Immanence and Transcendence.
- 33. The Ontological Interpretation of the Essence of Transcendence as Immanence and the Internal Possibility of 'Surpassing'.
- 34. Consciousness of the World and Consciousness without World.
- 35. The Coherence of the Internal Structure of the Essence.
- 36. The Essential Ontological Meaning of the Concept of Immanence: The Immediate.-
Section III. The Internal Structure of Immanence and the Problem of its Phenomenological Determination: The Invisible.
- 37. The Internal Structure of Immanence.
- 38. The Internal Structure of Immanence and the Problem of its Understanding as Revelation: Fichte.
- 39. Eckhart.
- 40. The Fundamental Ontological Presupposition of the Thought of Eckhart and the Original Essence of the Logos.
- 41. Immanence and Absolute Situation.
- 42. The Ontological Determination of the Essence of Situation as Immanence and the Fundamental Ambiguity of 'Nihilation'.
- 43. Situation and Temporality. The Ontological Heterogeneity of their Original Structures and its Interpretation in the Philosophy of Transcendence: The Idea of Contingency and the Fall of 'Dasein'.
- 44. The Concept of Situation in Existentialism. The Failure of Ontology and Realism. "Nature and Freedom".
- 45. The Hiding of the Original Essence of Revelation and its Oblivion.
- 46. The Critique of Knowledge. The Essence of Religion.
- 47. The Critique of Knowledge from within Rationalism.
- 48. The Ontological Meaning of the Critique of Rationalism.
- 49. The Ontological Meaning of Eckhart's Critique of Knowledge.
- 50. The Facelessness of the Essence.
- 51. Visible and Invisible.-
Section IV. The Fundamental Ontological Interpretation of the Original Essence of Revelation as Affectivity.
- 52. The Fundamental Ontological Interpretation of the Original Essence of Revelation as Affectivity: Affectivity and Ipseity.
- 53. Affectivity as Original Ontological Passivity and the Effectiveness of its Essence in 'Suffering'.
- 54. The Ontological Interpretation of Affectivity as the Foundation for Affection. The Problem of 'Intentional Affectivity'.
- 55. The Ontological Determination of Affection by Affectivity.
- 56. Affectivity and Sensations.
- 57. Affectivity as the Universal Form of All Possible Experience in General and as Form of this Form. The Pure Concept of Affectivity.
- 58. The Ontological Interpretation of Affectivity as Form and as Pure Affectivity, and the Kantian Problem of Respect.
- 59. Affectivity as the Original Power of Revelation and the Refutation of All Prejudices concerning it.
- 60. The Ontological Determination of the Power of Revelation of Affectivity.
- 1. The Determination of the 'How' of this Power: The Truth of Affectivity.
- 61. The Obscurity of Feeling and its Language. Affectivity and Thought.
- 62. The Ontological Determination of the Power of Revelation of Affectivity.
- 2. The Determination of the Content of this Power: The Reality of Feeling.
- 63. The Truth of Feeling and the Problem of 'False Feelings'.
- 64. The Power of Revelation of Affectivity according to Scheler.
- 65. The Power of Revelation of Affectivity according to Heidegger.
- 66. Affectivity as Immanence. The Original-Being and the Constituted-Being of Feeling.
- 67. Real and Unreal Affectivity.
- 68. Affectivity and Action.
- 69. The Radical Immanence of Feeling and the in-principle Impossibility of Acting upon it.
- 70. The Essence of Affectivity and the Fundamental Affective Tonalties. Affectivity and the Absolute.
- 71. The Problem of the Essence of Manifestation and 'Splitting'.
- 72. Negativity Interpreted as a Category of Being.
- 73. The Pseudo-Essence of Subjectivity and the Critique of Christianity.
- 74. The Kingdom of Effective Presence and the Flight beyond All Effectiveness.
- 75. Time and the Problem of the Manifestation of the Concept.
- 76. Alienation: Finitude and the Inadequacy of Objective Manifestation.
- 77. The Effort toward Absolute Knowledge.
Untertitel: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1973. Book. Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: Juli 1973
Seitenanzahl: 760 Seiten
Übersetzer/Sprecher: Übersetzt von G. J. Etzkorn