Zarathustra in Paris: The Nietzsche Vogue in France, 1891-1918
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Beschreibung-- Friedrich Nietzsche's descent into madness prevented him from achieving his dream of seeing Paris, but his philosophical alter ego Zarathustra took the City of Light by storm, raising sharp debates among the political and cultural avant-garde about the foundations of modern philosophy, social thought, and political life. This finely argued history reveals Nietzsche's impact upon French intellectual and cultural life and clarifies the crisis in European thought that foreshadowed World War I.Examining a broad range of intellectuals and opinion makers, including artists, politicians, academics, and journalists, Forth demonstrates that social frameworks such as institutional affiliation, aesthetic allegiance, and generational identity, even more than class or political sympathies, shaped responses to Nietzsche's writings. This discovery allows Forth to broaden his inquiry into a general sociology of knowledge that explores the ways a thinker becomes recognized as important by cultural and political leaders.In addition, Forth reveals the subtle linkages between the reception of Nietzschean ideas and the shifting currents of social and political developments leading to World War I. In 1900 many deemed Nietzsche a "good European" who transcended national divisions, but by 1914 patriotic fervor led many French critics to repudiate Nietzsche -- with Leon Daudet blaming him for laying the philosophical groundwork for German barbarities in Belgium and occupied France.Opening new avenues for understanding French and European intellectual life in the era before the Great War, Zarathustra in Paris will appeal to anyone interested in the literary and political avant-garde of the earlytwentieth century.
Untertitel: New. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: NORTHERN ILLINOIS UNIV PR
Erscheinungsdatum: Januar 2001
Seitenanzahl: 248 Seiten