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BeschreibungThis text aims to show that mathematics is useful to virtually everyone. And it seeks to accomplish this by offering the reader plenty of practice in elementary mathematical computations motivated by real-world problems. The prerequisite for this book is a little algebra and geometry-nothing more than entrance requirements at most colleges. I hope that users-especially those who "don't like math"-will complete the course with greater confidence in their ability to solve practical problems (without seeking help from someone who is "good at math"). Here is a sampler of some of the problems to be encountered: I. If a U. S. dollar were worth 1. 15 Canadian dollars, what would a Canadian dollar be worth in U. S. money? 2. If the tax rates are reduced 5% one year and then 10% in each of the next 2 years (as they were between 1981 and 1984), what is the overall reduction for the 3 years? 3. An automobile cooling system contains 10 liters ofa mixture of water and antifreeze which is 25% antifreeze. How much of this should be drained out and replaced with pure antifreeze so that the resulting 10 liters will be 40% antifreeze? 4. If you drive halfway at 30 mph and the rest of the distance at 50 mph, what is your average speed for the entire trip? 5. A tank storing solar heated water stands unmolested in a room having an approximately constant temperature of 80°F.
Inhaltsverzeichnis1 Arithmetic Review.
- 1.1 Basis Rules.
- 1.2 Division, Fractions, and Exponents.
- 1.3 Percentages.
- 1.4 Rates.- 2 Prime Numbers and Fractions.
- 2.1 Prime Numbers and Factorization.
- 2.2 Greatest Common Factor.
- 2.3 Rationals and Irrationals.- 3 The Pythagorean Theorem and Square Roots.
- 3.1 The Theorem.
- 3.2 Square Roots Which Are Irrational.
- 3.3 Computation of Square Roots by Successive Approximation.- 4 Elementary Equations.
- 4.1 Equations in One Unknown.
- 4.2 The Use of Two or More Unknowns.
- 4.3 Graphing.- 5 Quadratic Polynomials and Equations.
- 5.1 Solution of Quadratic Equations.
- 5.2 Applications of Quadratic Equations.
- 5.3 Quadratic Polynomials.- 6 Powers and Geometric Sequences.
- 6.1 Applications of Powers.
- 6.2 More on Half-Lives.
- 6.3 Compound Interest and Related Matters.
- 6.4 IRAs and Similar Tax Sheltered Accounts.
- 6.5 Geometric Series-the "Sum" of a Geometric Sequence.- 7 Areas and Volumes.
- 7.1 Areas.
- 7.2 Volumes.
- 7.3 Surface Area of a Solid (versus Volume).
- 7.4 Computation of Cube Roots.- 8 Galilean Relativity.
- 8.1 Displacement and Velocity Vectors.
- 8.2 Doppler Effect.
- 8.3 Components of Vectors.- 9 Special Relativity.
- 9.1 Simultaneity and Einstein's Postulate.
- 9.2 Time Dilation.
- 9.3 Length Contraction.- 10 Binary Arithmetic.
- 10.1 Decimal, Binary, and Ternary Representation of Integers.
- 10.2 Subtraction and Division in Base Two.
- 10.3 Applications.- 11 Sets and Counting.
- 11.1 Set Notation.
- 11.2 Counting.- 12 Probability.
- 12.1 Elementary Ideas and Examples.
- 12.2 Mutually Exclusive Events.
- 12.3 The Basic Rules.
- 12.4 Quality Control (optional).
- 12.5 Expectation.
- 12.6 Conditional Probability.- 13 Cardinality.
- 13.1 Countable Sets.
- 13.2 Countably Many Countable Sets.
- 13.3 The Reals vs. the Rationals.- Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems.
Untertitel: 'Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics'. 1st ed. 1984. 2nd printing 1994. Book. Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: Dezember 1994
Seitenanzahl: 252 Seiten