Human Impact Reader
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BeschreibungThis is a multidisciplinary collection of thirty nine key articles concerned with the human impact on the natural environment.
InhaltsverzeichnisPreface: The Human Impact: A Developing Literature. Acknowledgements. Part I: Geomorphological and Surface Impacts: Introduction. 1. Man's Impact on Shorelines and Nearshore Environments: A Geomorphological Perspective: H. J. Walker. 2. Land Subsidence: A Worldwide Environmental Hazard: L. Carbognin. 3. Reservoirs and Earthquakes: R. B. Meade. 4. Human Influence Upon Sedimentation in Llangorse Lake, Wales: R. Jones, K. Benson-Evans and F. M. Chambers. 5. Soil Conservation in the Coon Creek Basin, Wisconsin: S. W. Trimble and S. W. Lund. Part II: Soil Impacts: Introduction. 6. Framework for Man-Made Soil Changes - an Outline of Metapedogenesis: D. H. Yaalon and B. Yaron. 7. Salinization: New Perspectives on a Major Desertification Issue: D. S. G. Thomas and N. J. Middleton. 8. Salinization of Non-Irrigated Soils and Associated Streams: A Review: A. J. Peck. 9. Land Use and Soil Erosion in Prehistoric and Historical Greece: T. H. Van Andel and E. Zangger. 10. Soil Erosion in Britain: A Review: J. Boardman and R. Evans. Part III: Water Impacts: Introduction. 11. Desiccation of the Aral Sea: A Water Management Disaster in the Soviet Union: P. P. Micklin. 12. Lowering of a Shallow, Saline Water Table by Extensive Eucalypt Reforestation: M. A. Bari and N. J. Schofield. 13. Nutrient Loss Accelerated by Clear-Cutting of a Forest Ecosystem: F. H. Bormann, G. E. Likens, D. W. Fisher and R. S. Fisher. 14. Effects of Construction on Fluvial Sediment, Urban and Suburban Areas of Maryland: M. G. Wolman and A. P. Schick. 15. Rain, Roads, Roof and Runoff: Hydrology in Cities: G. E. Hollis. 16. Farming and Nitrate Pollution: T. P. Burt and N. E. Haycock. 17. Diatom and Chemical Evidence for Reversibility of Acidification of Scottish Lochs: R. W. Battarbee, R. J. Flower, A. C. Stevenson, V. J. Jones, R. Harrison and P. G. Appleby. 18. Lake Acidification in Galloway: A Palaeoecological Test of Competing Hypotheses: R. W. Battarbee, R. J. Flower, A. C. Stevenson and B. Rippey. Part IV: Climatic and Atmospheric Impacts: Introduction. 19. Man-Made Climatic Changes: H. E. Landsberg. 20. Climatic Impact of Increasing Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: J. Hansen, D. Johnson, A. Lacis, S. Lededeff, P. Lee and G. Russell. 21. Atmospheric Methane: Trends over the Last 10,000 Years: M. A. K. Khalil and R. A. Rasmussen. 22. Possible Climatic Change due to Sulphur Dioxide-Derived Cloud Condensation Nuclei: T. M. L. Wigley. 23. Possible Climatic Impacts of Tropical Deforestation: E. Salati and C. N. Nobre. 24. Large Losses of Total Ozone in Antarctica Reveal Seasonal C1Ox/NOx Interactions: J. C. Farman, B. G. Gardener and J. D. Sharklin. 25. Chlorofluorocarbons and the Depletion of Stratospheric Ozone: F. S. Rowland. 26. Biomass Burning in the Tropics: Impacts on Atmospheric Chemistry and Biogeochemical Cycles: P. J. Crutzen and M. O. Andrea. 27. Acid Rain: A Serious Regional Environmental Problem: G. E. Likens and F. H. Bormann. 28. Decrease in Anthropogenic Lead, Cadmium and Zinc in Greenland Snows Since the Late 1960s: C. F. Boutron, U. Gorlach, J. P. Candelone, M. A. Bolshow and R. J. Delmas. Part V: Biological Impacts: Introduction. 29. Habitat Fragmentation in the Temperate Zone: D. S. Wilcove, C. H. McLellan, and A. P. Dobson. 30. The Effects of Deforestation in Amazonia: H. Sioli. 31. Rates of Deforestation in the Humid Tropics: Estimates and Measurements: A. Grainger. 32. Wetland Loss in Louisiana: H. J. Walker, J. M. Coleman, H. H. Roberts and R. S. Tye. 33. Coral Reefs - A Challenging Ecosystem for Human Societies: B. Salvat. 34. Is Desertification a Myth?: T. Binns. 35. Large Herbivorous Mammals: Exotic Species in Northern Australia: W. J. Freeland. 36. Chlorinated Hydrocarbons and Eggshell Changes in Raptorial and Fish-Eating Birds: J. J. Hickey and O. W. Anderson. 37. Forest Decline and Acidic Deposition: L. F. Pitelka and D. J. Raynal. 38. The Biodiversity Challenge: Expanded Hotspots Analysis: N. Myers. Part VI: Conclusion: Introduction. 39. The Human Species: A Suicidal Success: C. Tickell. Index.
PortraitAndrew Goudie is Professor of Geography at the University of Oxford, where he is also a pro-Vice-Chancellor. His previous books include "Environmental Change, The Human Impact on the Environment, The Nature of the Environment, " and "The Changing Earth."
Pressestimmen"The reader will gain a broader knowledge of ecology, a greater appreciation for research efforts, and better understand the complexities underlying present environmental problems from reading this interesting compendium." Margaret A. Aycock, Lamar University
Untertitel: New. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: BLACKWELL PUBL
Erscheinungsdatum: Oktober 1997
Seitenanzahl: 496 Seiten