The Dependent Personality

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April 1993



Over the past few decades, developmental, social, and clinical research has generated a wealth of information regarding the etiology and dynamics of dependent personality traits in children, adolescents, and adults. Integrating the work from these disciplines for the first time, this volume fills a significant gap in the literature by presenting a comprehensive and detailed review of what is known about the antecedents, correlates, and consequences of dependency. The volume opens with a review of theoretical frameworks that have influenced previous research on dependency. An overview and critique of commonly used assessment techniques contrasts the strengths and weaknesses of objective, projective, behavioral, and interview-based dependency scales. Chapters covering etiology deal with the development of dependency at various stages of the life cycle and allow for comparison of the predictive validities of two important theoretical frameworks: the psychoanalytic and social learning models. Social and interpersonal consequences are considered, with attention to both the person's behavior and its effect on others. The chapter on psychopathological dependency thoroughly covers the enormous amount of research on this subject. Dependent personality disorder is next addressed, as well as the relationship of dependency to risk for physical disorders, followed by a discussion of dependent individuals as psychiatric and medical patients. In the concluding chapter, Bornstein presents a new theoretical model, expanding on the traditional view of dependency as a deficit to encompass the positive, adaptive qualities of dependent individuals as well. This book will be of value to both academic andclinical readers. Incisive reviews of personality development as well as social cognition and behavior will appeal to social, personality, and developmental psychologists, while clinical researchers will be particularly interested in Bornstein's discussion of the etiology and


1. Dependency in Context: Conceptual and Theoretical FrameworksTheoretical Models of DependencyThe Psychoanalytic and Social Learning Models of Dependency: A ComparisonDomains of Dependency ResearchDefining Dependency2. Assessing DependencyObjective and Projective Dependency MeasuresInterview and Rating MeasuresPsychometric Issues3. The Development of DependencyThe Epigenesis of DependencyEvaluating the Psychoanalytic and Social Learning Models with Respect to the Etiology of DependencyDependency, Gender, and Sex Role4. Interpersonal Correlates of DependencyDependency, Suggestibility, Yielding, and ComplianceDependency, Help Seeking, Interpersonal Sensitivity, and AffiliationDependency, Evaluation, and Performance Anxiety5. Dependency as a Social CueDependency and Sociometric StatusDependency and HelpingDependency and Abusive Behavior6. Dependency and PsychopathologyDependency and DepressionDependency and PhobiasDependency and AlcoholismDependency and SmokingDependency and Substance Use DisordersDependency, Obesity, and Eating DisordersDisentangling the Dependency Psychopathology Relationship7. Dependent Personality DisorderThe Construct Validity of the DPD Symptom CriteriaThe Prevalence of DPDSex Differences in DPD8. Dependency and Physical DisordersThe Dependency Disease Link: Historical RootsThe Dependency Disease Link: Empirical EvidenceSome Possible Mechanisms Underlying the Dependency Disease Relationship9. Dependency and ParenthoodDependency and Help Seeking in Clinical SettingsDependency and Treatment ComplianceDependency, Perceptions of the Psychotherapist, and Psychotherapy Preference10. The Dependent Personality: Toward an Integrated Theoretical ModelToward an Integrated Theoretical Model of DependencyThe Future of Dependency ResearchA Final CommentReferencesAuthor IndexSubject Index


Robert F. Bornstein received his doctorate in Clinical Psychology from the State University of New York at Buffalo in 1986. He is currently Associate Professor of Psychology at Gettysburg College. Dr. Bornstein has published numerous articles on perception without awareness, as well as on the antecedents, dynamics, and correlates of dependent personality traits. He is the author of The Dependent Personality, a comprehensive review of the empirical literature on dependency, which will be published by Guilford Press in 1993.**


"An admirably comprehensive, probing, and clear review of the research literature on individual differences in dependency. Besides demonstrating that the literature is surprisingly coherent and that it converges on important insights into human social behavior, Bornstein's thoughtful review of more than 700 sources proves that behavioral science research can, in the right hands, be made to yield conclusions of deep and lasting significance. The book will be of great interest and value to personality theorists, researchers, methodologists, and clinicians." --Phillip R. Shaver, Ph.D., University of California, Davis"Wonderfully clear, integrative and critical research review from diverse fields of psychology. Integrates findings with theory. Should be valuable to anyone interested in this important dimension of personality. I gained renewed appreciation of the dependent personality, and I'm sure other researchers and clinicians, as well as their graduate students, will find this book of value." --Harold Cook, Ph.D., Teachers College, Columbia University; President of the Psychoanalytic Research Society"A landmark integration of extensive theoretical, clinical and research literature on the etiology and development, as well as the clinical, social, and interpersonal consequences of dependency. A major contribution demonstrating how the concept of personality or character style offers an integrative theoretical structure for linking normal and pathological psychological development." --Sidney J. Blatt, Ph.D., Yale University
EAN: 9780898629910
ISBN: 0898629918
Untertitel: New. Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: April 1993
Seitenanzahl: 241 Seiten
Format: gebunden
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