Psychological Testing: Theory and Applications
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BeschreibungThis new book is the first psychological testing book to devote over 40% of its coverage to psychometric theory. In a detailed account, the author explains why measurement is critical to all sub-areas of psychology-from developing psychologists to educational psychologists to experimental psychologists. The book unfolds with coverage of the specialty areas in psychology. Secondly, it discusses the extent to which tests are actually used. By utilizing this book, readers will gain an appreciation and understanding of how psychological tests impact society. Topics include: measurement and statistics; norms and the meaning of test scores; validity; item analysis; test construction; and more. Developing and seasoned psychologists.
InhaltsverzeichnisAll chapters begin with "Learning Objectives," and conclude with "Summary." 1.An Introduction to Psychological Testing. Historical Milestones in Psychological Testing. The Characteristics of Psychological Testing. Sources of Information About Tests. Psychological Testing and Ethics. 2.Measurement and Statistics. Scales of Measurement. Statistics. 3.Norms and the Meaning of Test Scores. Types of Norms. Fixed Reference Group. Criterion Referenced Testing. Evaluating Information About Norms. 4.Reliability. Test Score Theory. Test-Retest Reliability. Alternate Form Reliability. Measures of Internal Consistency. Inter-Scorer Reliability. The Standard Error of Measurement. The Standard Error of the Difference. Reliability and the Nature of the Sample. Reliability and Validity. 5.Validity. Content-Related Validity. Criterion-Related Validity. Construct Validity. Is It All Construct Validity? Face Validity. 6.Interpreting Validity Coefficients and Decision Making. The Standard Error of Estimate. Restricted Ranges. Non-Linear Relationships. Combining Information from Several Tests. Using Tests to Make Decisions. 7.Item Analysis. Difficulty Level. Item Discriminability. Item Response Theory. 8.Test Construction. Writing Items. Constructing a Psychological Test. Approaches to Test Construction. 9.Individual Test of Intelligence. The Stanford-Binet. Administration and Scoring of the Stanford-Binet. The Wechsler Intelligence Scales. The Wide Range Achievement Test 3 (WRAT3). Measure of Infant Intelligence. Alternative Measures of Intelligence. Resuming the Search for Facilities. Why Measure Intelligence? 10.Group Ability Tests. Achievement, Aptitude, and Intelligence. Group Intelligence Tests. Achievement Tests. Aptitude Tests. Coaching and Performance on Tests on Academic Ability. 11.Issues in Ability Testing. The Structure of Intelligence. Bias and Fairness in Ability Testing. Culture-Fair Tests. 12.Measures of Interests, Attitudes, and Values. Measure of Interests. Measures of Attitudes. Measure of Values. 13.Structured Measures of Personality. The MMPI. The Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III. The California Psychological Inventory. Personality Tests for Children. Factor Analysis and Personality Tests. Why Not Just Ask? Final Thoughts About Structured Personality Tests. 14.Projective Tests and Clinical Assessment. The Rorschach. The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) The Bender Visual-Motor Gestalt Test. Drawing Techniques. The Rotter Incomplete Sentences Blank. The Clinical Test Battery. 15.Testing in Business and Industry. Predicting Performance. Criterion Measurement. Legal Issues in Employment Testing. 16.Alternative Approaches to Assessment. Behavioral Approaches to Assessment. Physiological Methods of Assessment. Assessment of Environments. 17.Neuropsychological Assessment and Testing Special Populations. General Screening Tests. Neuropsychological Tests. Neuropsychological Test Batteries. Testing Special Populations. 18.A Few Thoughts About Tests, Society and the Future. Tests of Cognitive Ability. Testing in Clinical Psychology. Testing in Education. Testing in Business and Industry. The Relevance of Psychological Testing. APPENDIXES COMPUTERIZED TUTORIAL FOR STUDENTS Introduction. Getting Started. Overview of the Testing Tutor. Exercises in the Testing Tutor. The Computerized Study Guide. References. Index.
Untertitel: New. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: PRENTICE HALL
Erscheinungsdatum: Dezember 1997
Seitenanzahl: 455 Seiten