Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems
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BeschreibungThis major new book presents a collection of essays by leading authorities who address the current state of knowledge. The chapters bring together the early results of an international scientific research program designed to address what will happen to our ability to produce food and fiber, and what effects there will be on biological diversity under rapid environmental change. This book addresses how these changes to terrestrial ecosystems will feed back to further environmental change. International in scope, this state-of-the-art assessment will interest policymakers, students and scientists interested in global change, climate change and biodiversity. Special features include descriptions of a dynamic global vegetation model, developing generic crop models and a special section on the emerging discipline of global ecology.
InhaltsverzeichnisPart I. Introduction: 1. GTCE Science: objectives, structure, and implementation B. H. Walker and W. L. Steffen; Part II. Ecosystem Physiology: 2. Ecosystem physiology H. A. Mooney; 3. The response of complex multispecies systems to elevated CO2 C. H. Korner; 4. Elevated CO2 and terrestrial vegetation: implications for and beyond the global carbon budget F. A. Bazzaz et al.; 5. The role of vegetation in controlling carbon dioxide and water exchange between land surface and the atmosphere E. -Detlef Schulze et al.; 6. Integrated models of ecosystem function: a grassland case study Michael B. Coughenour and W. J. Parton; Part III. Ecosystem Structure: 7. The importance of structure in understanding global change H. H. Shugart; 8. The application of patch models in global change research T. M. Smith and H. H. Shugart; 9. Climate change, disturbances and landscape dynamics Robert H. Gardner et al.; 10. Linking the human dimension to landscape dynamics Ian R. Noble; 11. Landscape diversity and vegetation response to long-term climate change in the Eastern Olympic Peninsula, Pacific Northwest USA L. B. Brubaker and J. S. McLachlan; Part IV. Agriculture, Forestry and Soils: 12. The work of Focus 3 P. B. Tinker and J. S. I. Ingram; 13. Agriculture and global change: scaling direct carbon dioxide impacts and feedbacks through time R. M. Gifford et al.; 14. Predicting crop yields under global change J. Goudriaan; 15. Global change impacts on managed forests S. Linder et al.; 16. Linked pest-crop models under global change P. S. Teng et al.; 17. Soil erosion under climate change C. Valentin; Part V. Ecological Complexity: 18. Global change and ecological complexity O. E. Sala; 19. Self organization in ecosystems: lumpy geometries, periodicities and morphologies C. S. Holling et al.; 20. Diversity of soil biota and ecosystem function O. W. Heal et al.; 21. The functional role of species in terrestrial ecosystems F. S. Chapin III et al.; 22. Carbon and nitrogen interactions in the terrestial biosphere: anthropogenic effects J. M. Melillo; 23. Global dynamic vegetation modeling: coupling biogeochemistry and biogeography models R. P. Neilson and S. W. Running; 24. Global and regional land use responses to climate change M. L. Parry et al.; 25. Incorporating land-use change in Earth system models illustrated by Image 2 R. Leemans; 26. Developing the potential for describing the terestrial biosphere's response to a changing climate F. I. Woodward; 27. Data requirements for global terrestrial ecosystem modelling W. Cramer and A. Fischer; 28. Satellite data for monitoring, understanding and modelling of ecosystem functioning A. Fischer et al.; 29. Predicting a future terrestrial biosphere: challenges to GTCE science B. H. Walker; Index.
Pressestimmen'... should be available and read by a large number of scientists, not only from biology and the geoscience.' Claus Buschmann, Journal of Plant Physiology 'All in all this is an up to date, well referenced book which all those concerned with climatic and other global changes should consult. I recommend the book.' Iam W. Drummond, OUGS Journal ' ... the volume by Walker and Steffen deserves a prominent place on the bookshelves of scientists dealing with terrestrial ecosystem aspects of global change.' Harald Bugmann, Progress in Physical Geography
Untertitel: 'International Geosphere-Biosph'. New. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR
Erscheinungsdatum: November 1996
Seitenanzahl: 637 Seiten