A Geometric Approach to Thermomechanics of Dissipating Continua
BeschreibungAcross the centuries, the development and growth of mathematical concepts have been strongly stimulated by the needs of mechanics. Vector algebra was developed to describe the equilibrium of force systems and originated from Stevin's experiments (1548-1620). Vector analysis was then introduced to study velocity fields and force fields. Classical dynamics required the differential calculus developed by Newton (1687). Nevertheless, the concept of particle acceleration was the starting point for introducing a structured spacetime. Instantaneous velocity involved the set of particle positions in space. Vector algebra theory was not sufficient to compare the different velocities of a particle in the course of time. There was a need to (parallel) transport these velocities at a single point before any vector algebraic operation. The appropriate mathematical structure for this transport was the connection. I The Euclidean connection derived from the metric tensor of the referential body was the only connection used in mechanics for over two centuries. Then, major steps in the evolution of spacetime concepts were made by Einstein in 1905 (special relativity) and 1915 (general relativity) by using Riemannian connection. Slightly later, nonrelativistic spacetime which includes the main features of general relativity I It took about one and a half centuries for connection theory to be accepted as an independent theory in mathematics. Major steps for the connection concept are attributed to a series of findings: Riemann 1854, Christoffel 1869, Ricci 1888, Levi-Civita 1917, WeyJ 1918, Cartan 1923, Eshermann 1950.
1. Introduction *
2. Geometry and Kinematics *
3. Conservation Laws *
4. Continuum with Singularity *
5. Thermo-Viscous Fluids *
6. Thermo-Viscous Solids *
7. Solids with Dry Micro-Cracks *
8. Conclusion * App. A. Mathematical Preliminaries * App. B. Invariance Group and Physical Laws * App. C Affinely Connected Manifolds * App. D Bianchi's identities * App. E Theorem of Cauchy-Weyl * References * Index
Pressestimmen"In my opinion, the book is excellent: it is well structured, well focused on an interesting topic, and it is clearly developed. It combines mathematical rigor with deeply physical motivations, many of them of much current interest in material sciences or in the fundamentals of thermodynamics. The proposals of the author seem to be a worthwhile contribution to a mathematically sound and physically fruitful description of many intresting phenomena."
- Zentralblatt MATH
"By its very nature and subject matter the book will have a specialized audience. To those happy few this unique book is warmly recommended as it will certainly initiate discussions and further extensions."(Mathematical Reviews, Maugin, Gérard A.)
Untertitel: 2004. Auflage. Book. Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: Oktober 2003
Seitenanzahl: 292 Seiten