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World Poverty: The Roots of Global Inequality and the Modern World System

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November 2005

Beschreibung

Beschreibung

"World Poverty" provides a general summary of world poverty at the beginning of the 21st century, then an introduction to modern world system theory and its attempts to explain world poverty and inequality. Separate chapters contain an overview of poverty in Africa, Latin America, and then Asia. Remaining chapters offer explanations for why some countries in the world (mostly in Asia) have become richer and reduced the ranks of their poor through ties with the global economy while others have not. Kerbo provides extensive evidence for why the nature of the state in developing countries is the most important factor in stagnation or even economic development with poverty reduction. But, in contrast to previous research and new statements by the World Bank, he has created a model attempting to explain why and how some countries have "good governance" and others do not. The book concludes with what we now know about world poverty and what does and does not work to reduce it.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Preface
Chapter 1 A World Divided: Rich Corporations and the Poor of This EarthThe World's Poor At the New MillenniumA Case in Point: A Walk Through Klong ToeyThe "Wretched of the Earth"The Affluent of the EarthAmerican Poverty: The Most Unequal NationWhy We Should Care: Wars and International TerrorismTo the Barricades, Again: Protesting "Globalization" The Exploitation of the World's Poor, Some ExceptionsAmerican and Japanese corporations in ThailandLessons from Asia: The Richer and Poorer Nations of East and Southeast Asia<H5>A Brief Tour of Economic Development in Southeast AsiaThe Important Questions: A PreviewData Files: An Introduction to Data on World Poverty
Chapter 2 World Poverty at the 21st Century: Global ComparisonsWorld Inequalities by RegionDemocracy and Good GovernmentData File: Poverty Reduction, Economic Development, and DemocracyHealth DisparitiesWhy We Should Care: New Plagues of the 21st CenturyPopulation ProblemsDemographic TransitionCase in Point: Fighting Population Growth and AIDS in ThailandRapid UrbanizationEmpowered WomenEnvironmentWorld Regions: An Historical and Contemporary Introduction<H5>Africa: The Origins of Human Development and a Continent in Crisis<H5>East and Southeast Asia: A Region on the Move<H5>South Asia: Finally Some Hope<H5>Latin America: Economic Development Without Poverty Reduction<H5>Eastern Europe and Central Asia: Overcoming Communism?<H5>The Middle East: Ancient Civilizations in ConflictWorld Poverty: Conclusion and Next Questions
Chapter 3 The Modern World System: Explanations of Globalization and ConflictCharacteristics of the Modern World SystemA Brief History of the Modern World System<H5>Postwar competition: the rise and fall of the Soviet UnionCase in Point: Disappearing Foreign Aid<H5>The relative decline then re-emergence of the United StatesThe Future of Core Competition<H5>American inequality, poverty, and competing forms of capitalism in the 21st centuryCase in Point: American and German workers comparedWhy We Should Care: Wal-Mart, reduced American wages, and the loss of American jobsThe Global Corporate Class
Chapter 4 The Global Economy and World Poverty: Attempted ExplanationsA Resurgence of Cultural ExplanationsWhy the World's Poor Often Remain Poor: Dependency, <H5>Uneven Development, and Economic Stagnation<H5>The class struggle withinA Case in Point: Sweatshops and Child Labor in Latin AmericaGlobal Corporations Can Do Harm: Some EvidenceThe Western Bias: Why We Often Fail to UnderstandThe Problem of Research Method Data File: Foreign Direct Investment and Contrasting OutcomesA Rich Nation Bias
Chapter 5 The Roots of "Asian Miracles:" Ancient Traditions, "Asian Values," and Development StatesThe Asian "Economic Miracles" TodayThe Development of Underdevelopment: Taiwan as an ExceptionAsian Traditions and Social Organization: Some Commonalities<H5>ancient civilizationsData File: The Legacy of State Building and State Efficiency Today<H5>traditions of authority and elite responsibility<H5>"Asian values"Case in Point: Japanese Corporations in Germany and Thailand<H5>development stateData File: State Effectiveness and Economic Development TodayThe Asian Development Model<H5>Japan's economic development<H5>the Japanese bureaucratic elite and the technical means of the development state<H5>the Asian development model: a conclusion
Chapter 6 Colonialism and Its Aftermath: Fractured Nations, Wars, and Recovery (For Some)Case In Point: British Drug Pushers, the Opium Wars, and the Colonization of ChinaClearing Away Impediments: Pre-industrial Europe, North America, and JapanOvercoming Colonialism<H5>China: "opting out" of the modern world system<H5>India and China comparedThe Colonial Experience of East and Southeast AsiaCase In Point: The Dishonor Roll of the World's Most Corrupt DictatorsColonialism and the Division of AfricaColonialism and the Creation of Latin America
Chapter 7 Africa: Fractured Nations and "Predator States" in the Global EconomyCase in Point: Colonialism and Hunger in AfricaA Brief History of Africa in the Modern World SystemWhy We Should Care: BlowbackAfrican Social Organization: The Big ManCase in Point: Mobutu's CongoAfrica Today and Future ProspectsOil WealthContrasting National Conditions in Africa<H5>Worst Cases<H5>Somewhat Successful Cases<H5>South AfricaConclusion: Africa in the New Global Economy
Chapter 8 Latin America: Stagnation and Uneven DevelopmentA Brief History of Elites and Masses in Latin AmericaTheories of Latin American Economic StagnationWhy We Should Care: Global MigrationThe Latin American State: For U.S. Corporations and by <H5>U.S. Corporations<H5>The Case of U.S. Covert Action in Chile<H5>The Reform Approach of the Late 1970s<H5>IMF "Structural Adjustments"Case in Point: Crisis and Decline in ArgentinaConclusion
Chapter 9 Development and Poverty in Southeast Asia: A Region of ExtremesA Cultural Tour of Southeast AsiaThe Impact of Colonialism and Southeast Asia TodayA Brief History of Southeast Asian Nations<H5>Thailand: the preconditions for economic development and poverty reductionCase in Point: A Walk Through Village Thailand<H5>Burma: the preconditions for disorder<H5>Laos: the preconditions for stagnation<H5>Cambodia: the preconditions for disaster<H5>Vietnam: the preconditions for revival<H5>The Other Nations of Southeast AsiaCase in Point: The Overseas Chinese, Ethnic Relations, and Advantages in Economic Development<H5>The Potential for Sustained Development and Poverty Reduction: A Conclusion
Chapter 10 Globalization and World Poverty: Limitations and Tools for Sustainable Development The Facade of Uneven DevelopmentWhat We Know About Causes and Solutions to World Poverty<H5>ancient civilizations and historical legacies<H5>"good governance"<H5>cultureThe New Global Economy and Impediments for Poverty Reduction<H5>a different "free market" world economy<H5>the impact of outside corporate investmentPolicies and "Technical Tools" for Economic Development<H5>import substitution and export industries<H5>the importance of land and agricultureCase In Point: Independent Thai Peasants and Political Action<H5>other technical tools for developmentData File: Technical Means of Poverty Reduction are not Universally Applicable, Education and DevelopmentThai Development Policies: An Asian ExampleA Conclusion and View From the Hill TribesEnd NotesReferencesWeb Resources

Portrait


Harold R. Kerbo is a professor of sociology at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. Professor Kerbo is also the founder and Director of the Pacific Rim Group at Cal Poly, an organization which coordinates research and educational programs in Pacific Rim countries. In addition to other teaching experience in Tokyo, Professor Kerbo was a Fulbright Professor during 1988/1989 at Hiroshima University, as well as a visiting professor in the Law Faculty at Hiroshima Shudo University. During 1991, Professor Kerbo was a visiting professor at the University of Duisburg, Germany, and returned to the Dusseldorf area during 1992 and 1993 as a research professor conducting research on employee relations in Japanese corporations located in Germany. In 1990 Professor Kerbo received a Fulbright-Hays grant to study at Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok, Thailand, and for several months during 1994 to 1996 directed a research project on employee relations in American and Japanese corporations with operations in Thailand. During 1996 he was also a visiting professor in the MBA Program at the Prince of Songkla University in Thailand. During the winter term of 1999 professor Kerbo was a visiting professor at the University of Zurich, Switzerland. And during the fall term of 1999 he will be a visiting professor at the University of Wales. Professor Kerbo has published five books and numerous articles on the subjects of social stratification, comparative societies, corporate structure, and modern Japan. He is the author of Sociology: Social Structure and Social Conflict (MacMillan, 1989), and along with John A. McKinstry, the author of Who Rules Japan?: The Inner-Circles of Economic and Political Power (Greenwood/Praeger, 1995). Professor Kerbo is creator and general editor of the McGraw-Hill Comparative Societies Series which will include books on 12 countries.


EAN: 9780073042954
ISBN: 0073042951
Untertitel: Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: MCGRAW HILL BOOK CO
Erscheinungsdatum: November 2005
Seitenanzahl: 312 Seiten
Format: kartoniert
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