Biological Perspectives on Human Pigmentation
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BeschreibungSkin color is perhaps the most decisive and abused physical characteristic of humankind. This book presents a multidisciplinary overview of how and why human populations vary so markedly in their skin color. The biological aspects of the pigment cell and its production of melanin are reviewed. The functions of melanin in the skin, brain, eye and ear are considered, and the common clinical abnormalities of pigmentation, such as albinism, are described and illustrated. Detailed reflectance data from worldwide surveys of skin color are also presented. Next, historical and contemporary backgrounds of the phenomenon are explored in relation to the so-called color problem in society. Finally, the possible evolutionary forces that shape human pigmentation are assessed.
InhaltsverzeichnisPreface; Acknowledgements; 1. Biology of the pigment cell; 2. The biochemical and hormonal control of pigmentation; 3. Ultraviolet radiation and the pigmentary system; 4. Functions of melanin; 5. Non-cutaneous melanin: distribution, nature and relationship to skin melanin; 6. The properties and possible functions of non-cutaneous melanin; 7. Measurement of skin colour; 8. Disorders of hyperpigmentation; 9. Disorders of hypopigmentation; 10. Skin colour and society: the social-biological interface; 11. The evolution of skin colour; References; Index.
Pressestimmen"Melanin has probably caused more social injustice than any other molecule in the body, yet few sociologists understand the biology of skin colour and few physicians are conversant with the anthropological, evolutionary, and psychosocial aspects of racial pigmentation. All these topics are crisply and elegantly reviewed in this monograph from a Cape Town pharmacologist. Robins has worked hard to select the essential facts from many disciplines, and the result is a concise yet thorough overview of this important subject." John L. Burton, Lancet "...a crisply written, expert and intelligible survey of the medical and anthropological work on human pigmentation, and both physicians and anthropologists will find uses for it." Times Literary Supplement "...concisely surveys the nature of skin color in humans...not so esoteric that it could not be used by anyone interested in the subjects of human pigmentation, skin color, and race." Choice "...this book is a success. Robins includes a good set of references, and the book is well written. For the topics that he decided to cover, he has done a good job. The book contains a great deal of information and is handy for references." Aaron B. Lerner, New England Journal of Medicine "...a complete and conscientious survey of all that is known about pigmentation in the human species...will be most useful to anyone who wishes to add to that literature, and there is much that could be added, particularly in genetics." Alice M. Brues, American Journal of Human Biology
Untertitel: 'Cambridge Studies in French'. New. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR
Erscheinungsdatum: Juli 1991
Seitenanzahl: 268 Seiten