Adult Eyewitness Testimony: Current Trends and Developments
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BeschreibungAdult Eyewitness Testimony provides an overview of current empirical research on eyewitness testimony and identification accuracy, covering both theory and application. The volume is organized to address three important issues: First, what are the cognitive, social, and physical factors that influence the accuracy of eyewitness reports? Second, how should lineups be constructed and verbal testimony be taken to improve the chances of obtaining accurate information? And third, whose testimony should be believed? Are there differences between accurate and inaccurate witnesses, and can jurors make such a distinction? Adult Eyewitness Testimony is crucial reading for memory researchers, as well as police officers, judges, lawyers, and other members of the judicial system. It will also be of interest to advanced undergraduates and graduate-level courses in applied social or cognitive psychology, criminal justice and forensics.
InhaltsverzeichnisList of contributors; Preface; Part I. Cognitive, Physical and Social Processes and Factors Influencing Eyewitness Recall and Identification: 1. Reports of suggested memories: do people truly believe them? Kenneth R. Weingardt, H. Kelly Toland and Elizabeth F. Loftus; 2. Memory source monitoring and eyewitness testimony D. Stephen Lindsay; 3. Understanding bystander misidentifications: the role of familiarity and contextual knowledge J. Don Read; 4. Unconscious transference and lineup identification: toward a memory blending approach David F. Ross, Stephen J. Ceci, David Dunning and Michael P. Toglia; 5. Earwitness evidence: memory for a perpetrator's voice A. Daniel Yarmey; 6. Whole body information: its relevance to eyewitnesses Malcolm D. MacLeod, Jason N. Frowley and John W. Shepherd; 7. Actual victims and witnesses to robbery and fraud: an archival analysis Patricia A. Tollestrup, John W. Turtle and John C. Yuille; Part II. Lineup Construction and Collection of Testimony: 8. Conceptual, practical and empirical issues associated with eyewitness identification test media Brian L. Cutler, Garrett L. Berman, Steven Penrod and Ronald P. Fisher; 9. Biased lineups: where do they come from? R. C. L. Lindsay; 10. Evaluating the fairness of lineups John C. Brigham and Jeffrey E. Pfeifer; 11. Recommendations for properly conducted lineup identification tasks Gary L. Wells, Eric P. Seelau, Sheila M. Rydell and C. A. Elizabeth Luus; 12. Improving eyewitness testimony with the Cognitive Interview Ronald P. Fisher, Michelle R. McCauley and R. Edward Geiselman; Part III. Whom to Believe? Distinguishing Accurate from Inaccurate Eyewitnesses: 13. Distinguishing accurate from inaccurate eyewitness identifications: a reality monitoring approach Lisa Beth Stern and David Dunning; 14. Decision times and eyewitness identification accuracy in simultaneous and sequential lineups Siegfried Ludwig Sporer; 15. Individual differences in personality and eyewitness identification Harmon Hosch; 16. Eyewitness identification confidence C. A. Elizabeth Luus and Gary L. Wells; 17. Expectations of eyewitness performance: jurors' verdicts do not follow from their beliefs R. C. L. Lindsay; 18. The appraisal of eyewitness testimony Michael R. Leippe; Name index; Subject index.
Pressestimmen"Overall, if one were looking for a comprehensive book on research in eyewitness identification, this would be it." Jill Rowan, Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
Untertitel: New. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR
Erscheinungsdatum: März 1994
Seitenanzahl: 452 Seiten