Maya Diaspora: Guatemalan Roots, New American Lives

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Oktober 2000



Maya people have lived for thousands of years in the mountains and forests of Guatemala, but they lost control of their land, becoming serfs and refugees, when the Spanish invaded in the sixteenth century. Under the Spanish and the Guatemalan non-Indian elites, they suffered enforced poverty as a resident source of cheap labor for non-Maya projects, particularly agricultural production. Following the CIA-induced coup that toppled Guatemala's elected government in 1954, their misery was exacerbated by government accommodation to United States "interests", which promoted crops for export and reinforced the need for cheap and passive labor.This widespread poverty was endemic throughout northwestern Guatemala, where 80 percent of Maya children were chronically malnourished, and forced wide-scale migration to the Pacific coast. The self-help aid that flowed into the area in the 1960s and 1970s raised hopes for justice and equity that were brutally suppressed by Guatemala's military government. This military reprisal led to a massive diaspora of Maya throughout Canada, the United States, Mexico, and Central America.This collection describes that process and the results. The chapters show the dangers and problems of the migratory/refugee process and the range of creative cultural adaptations that the Maya have developed. It provides the first comparative view of the formation and transformation of this new and expanding transnational population, presented from the standpoint of the migrants themselves as well as from a societal and international perspective. Together, the chapters furnish ethnographically grounded perspectives on the dynamic implications of uprooting and resettlement,social and psychological adjustment, long-term prospects for continued links to a migration history from Guatemala, and the development of a sense of co-ethnicity with other indigenous people of Maya descent. As the Maya struggle to find their place in a more global society,


Acknowledgments 1. The Maya Diaspora: Introduction --James Loucky and Marilyn M. Moors 2. Survivors on the Move: Maya Migration in Time and Space --Christopher H. Lutz and W. George Lovell 3. Flight, Exile, Repatriation, and Return: Guatemalan Refugee Scenarios, 1981-1998 --Catherine L. Nolin Hanlon and W. George Lovell 4. Space and Identity in Testimonies of Displacement: Maya Migration to Guatemala City in the 1980s --Antonella Fabri 5. Organizing in Exile: The Reconstruction of Community in the Guatemalan Refugee Camps of Southern Mexico --Deborah L. Billings 6. Challenges of Return and Reintegration --Clark Taylor 7. A Maya Voice: The Maya of Mexico City --Domingo Hernandez Ixcoy 8. Becoming Belizean: Maya Identity and the Politics of Nation --Michael C. Stone 9. La Huerta: Transportation Hub in the Arizona Desert --Nancy J. Wellmeier 10. Indiantown, Florida: The Maya Diaspora and Applied Anthropology --Allan F. Burns 11. A Maya Voice: The Refugees in Indiantown, Florida --Jeronimo Camposeco 12. The Maya of Morganton: Exploring Worker Identity within the Global Marketplace --Leon Fink and Alvis Dunn 13. Maya Urban Villagers in Houston: The Formation of a Migrant Community from San Cristobal Totonicanpan --Nestor P. Rodriguez and Jacqueline Maria Hagan 14. A Maya Voice: Living in Vancouver --Zoila Ramirez 15. Maya in a Modern Metropolis: Establishing New Lives and Livelihoods in Los Angeles --James Loucky 16. Conclusion: The Maya Diaspora Experience --Marilyn M. Moors Epilogue: Elilal/Exilio --Victor D. Montejo References About the Contributors Index


"This fine collection of 16 essays explores many different aspects of that exodus from Guatemala." --Choice
EAN: 9781566397940
ISBN: 1566397944
Untertitel: New. Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: Oktober 2000
Seitenanzahl: 280 Seiten
Format: gebunden
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