EBOOK

Handbook of Commercial Catalysts

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März 2000

Beschreibung

Beschreibung

This handbook offers the information necessary for numerous tasks, such as selecting a catalyst, designing a process, diagnosing operating problems, and improving existing processes. It provides an overview of 150 major commercial processes and the heterogeneous catalyst used for each. Rase (chemical engineering, University of Texas) draws from chemistry, thermodynamics, and surface science to develop a framework for reasoning about catalyst selection and performance. With information collected from the published literature, from the in-house specialists of commercial vendors, and from Rase's own experience, the book offers a background on commercial solid catalysts according to specific reactions or reaction types. Each entry is cross-indexed by reactants and products.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

ACETOXYLATION
Ethylene + Acetic Acid a Vinyl Acetate
Butadiene + Acetic Acid a 1,4 Diacetoxy-2-Butene a 1,4 Butanediol a Tetrahydrofuran
Propylene + Acetic Acid a Allyl Acetate a Allyl Alcohol
ALKYLATION
Introduction
Alkylation of Benzene and Toluene
Alkylation of Phenols
Higher Alkylphenols
Alkylation of Polynuclear Aromatics
Alkylation of Aromatic Amines
Transalkylation and Disproportionation
Lower Aliphatic Amines by Alkylation of Ammonia (Amination)
AMMONOLYSIS
Phenol + Ammonia a Aniline
Meta-Cresol + Ammonia a Meta-Toludine
Diethylene Glycol + Ammonia a Morpholine
AMMOXIDATION
Propylene a Acrylonitrile
Methane a HCN
Isobutylene a Methacrylonitrile
Aromatic Methyl Compounds a Nitriles
CARBONYLATION
Carboxylation of Olefins to Carboxylic Acids
Carbon Monoxide + Chlorine a Phosgene
DEHYDRATION OF ALCOHOLS
1-Phenylethanol a Styrene
DEHYDROCHLORINATION
C10 - C13 Chloridea Linear Olefins
DEHYDROGENATION
Dehydrogenation of Ethylbenzene
Styrene Derivatives from Other Alkyl Aromatics
Dehydrogenation of Lower Alkanes
Alcohols to Aldehydes or Ketones
Three Other Dehydrogenations
EXPOXIDATION
Ethylbenzene a Propylene Oxide + Styrene
HYDRATION
Ethylene a Ethanol
Propylene a Isopropyl Alcohol
N-ButenesaSec-Butanol
Acrylonitrile a Alkylamide
HYDROCHLORINATION
Alkenes
Alcohols
HYDROGENATION
General Background
Hydrogenation of Aromatic Rings
Hydrogenation of Heterocyclic Compounds
Hydrogenation of Aliphatic Unsaturates
Hydrogenation of Nitriles to Amines
Hydrogenation of Nitroaromatics
Hydrogenation of Haloaromatics
Hydrogenation of Carbonyl Compounds
Hydrogenation of Resins, Rosins, and Waxes
Selective Hydrogenation of Fats and Oils
Miscellaneous Hydrogenations
HYDROGENOLYSIS
Natural Fatty Acids and Fatty Esters a Fatty Alcohols
Dimethylterephthalate a 1,4 Dimethylolcyclohexane
Toluene a Benzene (Hydroalkylation)
Methyl and Dimethyl Napthalene
ISOMERIZATION
Meta-Xylene a Para and Ortho-Xylene
OXIDATION (INORGANIC)
Sulfur Dioxide a Sulfur Trioxide a Sulfuric Acid
Ammonia a Nitric Oxide a Nitrogen Dioxide a Nitric Acid
Hydfrogen Sulfide a Sulfur
OXIDATION (ORGANICS)
General
Ethylene a Ethylene Oxide
Propene a Acrolein
Propene a Acrolein a Acrylic Acid
Butane or Benzene a Maleic Anhydride
Ortho-Xylene or Naphthalene a Phthalic Anhydride
Anthracene a Anthraquinone
Methanol a Formaldehyde
Isobutylene or Tert-Butyl Alcohol a Methacrolein a Methacrylic Acid
OXYCHLORINATION
Ethylene a 1,2 Dichloroethane a Vinyl Chloride
PETROLEUM REFINING
Catalytic Reforming
Hydroprocessing (General)
Hydrotreating
Hydrocracking
Isomerization
Oligomerization (Polymer Gasoline Production)
Fluid Catalytic Cracking
Oxygenates
SYNTHESIS GAS AND ITS PRODUCTS
Historical Background
Modern Synthesis Gas Production
High and Low Temperature Shift Conversion (CO + H2O a H2 + CO2)
Naphtha Steam Reforming
Methanol Synthesis (Carbon Monoxide + Hydrogen a Methanol)
Pure Carbon Monoxide from Synthesis Gas and Its Uses
Pure Hydrogen from Synthesis Gases and Its Uses
Ammonia Synthesis (Nitrogen + Hydrogen a Ammonia)
Appendix
EAN: 9780849394171
ISBN: 0849394171
Untertitel: Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: CRC PR INC
Erscheinungsdatum: März 2000
Seitenanzahl: 520 Seiten
Format: gebunden
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