The Papers of Ulysses S. Grant, Volume 27: January 1 - October 31, 1876

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August 2005



On May 10, 1876, Ulysses S. Grant pulled a lever to start the mighty 1,400-horsepower Corliss Steam Engine, powering acres of machinery for the nation's Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia. Grant summed up a century of American progress by saying, "Whilst proud of what we have done, we regret that we have not done more. Our achievements have been great enough however to make it easy for our people to acknowledge superior merit wheresoever found." That summer, Fourth of July celebrations coincided with early reports that Lieutenant Colonel George A. Custer and his Seventh Cavalry had been wiped out by Sioux. Grant resisted the subsequent clamor for volunteers to crush the Sioux, but his peace policy lay in shambles, and he later criticized Custer's unnecessary "sacrifice of troops." Soldiers sent to subdue Indians meant fewer available to help ensure a fair election in November. Grant's correspondents described a pattern of physical and economic intimidation throughout the South, as Democrats sought to keep blacks from the polls. After whites massacred black militia in South Carolina, Grant warned that unchecked persecution would lead to "bloody revolution." As violence spread, Grant struggled to position limited forces where they could do the most good. Scandals diverted Grant's attention from larger policy questions. A series of Whiskey Ring prosecutions culminated in the February trial of Orville E. Babcock, Grant's private secretary. A new scandal erupted in March when Secretary of War William W. Belknap resigned, hoping in vain to avoid impeachment for selling post traderships. Grant drew fire for having accepted the resignation, a move that ultimately led to Belknap's acquittalby the Senate. An investigation also linked Grant's brother Orvil to the scandal. Grant battled a Democratic House of Representatives until late that summer over issues as vital as the budget and as symbolic as the president's absences from the capital. He welcomed Rutherfor


Published in chronological order, the Papers are prepared under the auspices of the Ulysses S. Grant Association, whose directors (2004) are: James A. Bultema, Sheldon S. Cohen, Michael J. Devine, Ulysses Grant Dietz, John Hope Franklin, John G. Griffiths, Harold Holzer, Ralph E. McCoy, Charles D. Platt, John Y. Simon, Carolyn A. Snyder, Merlin E. Sumner, Louise Taper, Curtis W. Tarr, Claire Ruestow Telecki, and Frank J. Williams. John Y. Simon is executive director of the Association. The editorial board consists of: Roger D. Bridges, Richard N. Current, Harold M. Hyman, Grady McWhiney, Mark E. Neely Jr., and Frank E. Vandiver.

EAN: 9780809326310
ISBN: 0809326310
Untertitel: Volume 27. Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: August 2005
Seitenanzahl: 528 Seiten
Format: gebunden
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