Physiognomy and the Meaning of Expression in Nineteenth-Century Culture
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BeschreibungIn Physiognomy and the Meaning of Expression in Nineteenth-Century Culture, Lucy Hartley examines the emergence of physiognomy as a form of popular science. Physiognomy posited an understanding of the inner meaning of human character from observations of physical appearances, usually facial expressions. Taking the physiognomical teachings of Johann Caspar Lavater as a starting-point, Hartley considers the extent to which attempts to read the mind and judge character through expression can provide descriptions of human nature. She argues that the writings of Charles Bell, and the Pre-Raphaelites establish the significance of the physiognomical tradition for the study of expression whilst also preparing the ground for the rise of new doctrines for the expression of emotion by Alexander Bain and Herbert Spencer. She then demonstrates how the evolutionary explanation of expression proposed by Spencer and Charles Darwin is both the outcome of the physiognomical tradition and the reason for its dissolution.
InhaltsverzeichnisIllustrations; Acknowledgements; Introduction; 1. A science of mind?: theories of nature, theories of man; 2. The argument for expression: Charles Bell and the concept of design; 3. What is the character: the nature of ordinariness in the paintings of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood; 4. 'Beauty of character and beauty of aspect': expression, feeling, and the contemplation of emotion; 5. Universal expressions: Darwin and the naturalisation of emotion; 6. The promise of a new psychology?; Bibliography; Index.
PortraitLucy Hartley is Lecturer in English at the University of Southampton.
Pressestimmen"This lucidly-written and useful book amply demonstrates how the blindnesses of physiognomy still offer insights into the nineteenth century and beyond." Wordsworth Circle
Untertitel: 'Cambridge Studies in Nineteent'. Revised. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR
Erscheinungsdatum: November 2005
Seitenanzahl: 260 Seiten