Neoproterozoic Geobiology and Paleobiology

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November 2006



The Neoproterozoic Era (1000 542 million years ago) has become a major focus of geobiological investigations because it is a geological period characterized by dramatic climatic change and important evolutionary innovations. Repeated glaciations of unusual magnitude occurred throughout this tumultuous interval, and various eukaryotic clades independently achieved multicellularity, becoming more complex, abundant, and diverse at its termination. Animals made their first debut in the Neoproterozoic too. This volume presents a sample of views and visions among some of the growing numbers of Neoproterozoic workers. It includes a set of multidisciplinary reviews on the Neoproterozoic fossil record (animals, algae, acritarchs, protists, and trace fossils), evolutionary developmental biology of animals, molecular clock estimates of phylogenetic divergences, and Neoproterozoic chemostratigraphy and sedimentary geology. These topics are of continuing interest to geoscientists and bioscientists who are intrigued by the deep history of the Earth and its inhabitants.


Chapter 1: The Proterozoic Fossil Record of Heterotrophic Eukaryotes Sussannah M. Porter 1. Introduction 2. Eukaryotic Tree 3. Fossil Evidence for Proterozoic Heterotrophs 4. Why Are Heterotrophs Rare in Proterozoic Rocks? 5. Conclusions Chapter 2: On the Morphological History of Proterozoic and Cambrian Acritarchs John Warren Huntley, Shuhai Xiao, and Michael Kowalewski 1. Introduction 2. Materials and Methods 3. Results 4. Discussion 5. Conclusions Acknowledgments References Appendix: SAS/IML Codes Chapter 3: On the Morphological and Ecological History of Proterozoic Macroalgae Shuhai Xiao and Lin Dong 1. Introduction 2. A Synopsis of Proterozoic Macroalgal fossils 3. Morphological History of Proterozoic Macroalgae 4. Discussion 5. Conclusions Acknowledgments References Chapter 4: Evolutionary Paleoecology of Ediacaran Benthic Marine Animals David J. Bottjer and Matthew E. Clapham 1. Introduction 2. A Mat-Based World 3. Nature of the Data 4. Evolutionary Paleoecology 5. Discussion Acknowledgements References Chapter 5: A Critical Look at the Ediacaran Trace Fossil Record Sören Jensen, Mary L. Droser and James G. Gehling 1. Introduction 2. Problems in the Interpretation of Ediacaran Trace Fossils 3. List of Ediacaran Trace Fossils 4. Discussion Acknowledgments References Chapter 6: The Developmental Origins of Animal Bodyplans Douglas H. Erwin 1. Introduction 2. Pre-Bilaterian Developmental Evolution 3.Development of the Urbilateria 4. Constructing Ancestors 5. Conclusions Acknowledgments References Chapter 7: Molecular Timescale of Evolution in the Proterozoic S. Blair Hedges, Fabia U. Battistuzzi, Jaime E. Blair 1. Introduction 2. Molecular Clock Methods 3. Molecular Timescales 4. Astrobiological Implications 5. Conclusions Acknowledgments References Chapter 8: A Neoproterozoic Chronology Galen P. Halverson 1. Introduction 2. Constructing the Record 3. Review of the Neoproterozoic 4. Conclusions Acknowledgments References Chapter 9: On Neoproterozoic Cap Carbonates as Chronostratigraphic Markers Frank A. Corsetti and Nathaniel J. Lorentz 1. Introduction 2. Key Neoproterozoic Successions 3. Discussion 4. Conclusion References


From the reviews:
"The volumes of Springer's series 'Topics in Geobiology' bring together contributions from leading scientists in hot research fields investigating the interaction between Earth and life. ... For university libraries. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through professionals." (W. L. Cressler III, CHOICE, Vol. 44 (10), June, 2007)
"The emphasis on biology - whether geo or palaeo - is a heartening sign of the times ... . So is the volume successful? In principal, absolutely. This is very much the kind of multidisciplinary approach that is necessary to appreciate when and how biology revolutionized the surficial Earth system, yielding our modern, uniformitarian world. ... Its real value ... lies in synthesis, and the focus it brings to one of the most fascinating intervals in Earth history." (N. J. Butterfield, Geological Magazine, Vol. 145 (3), 2008)
EAN: 9781402052019
ISBN: 1402052014
Untertitel: 'Topics in Geobiology'. 46 illustrations (2 colour). Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: Springer-Verlag GmbH
Erscheinungsdatum: November 2006
Seitenanzahl: XXI
Format: gebunden
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