EBOOK

Interpreting Standardized Test Scores: Strategies for Data-Driven Instructional Decision Making

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April 2007

Beschreibung

Beschreibung

The vast majority of educators-for whom scores resulting from standardized tests are so potentially vital and informative-have literally never received formal training regarding how to interpret these scores and, more importantly, how to use them to aid their instructional decision making.
The basic purpose of this book is to provide teachers and administrators with a manual, of sorts, designed to help them understand the nature of standardized tests and, in particular, the scores that result from them. The definitive purpose of the book is to help them develop the skills necessary to incorporate these test scores into various types of instructional decision making (a process known as `data-driven decision making') as necessitated by the needs of their students. This title includes:
- Numerous samples of printouts resulting from well-known standardized tests
- Presentation and discussion of various process that can be used to incorporate standardized test results into instructional decision making
- Several specific examples, using sample results of these well-known standardized tests and the processes, such as how a teacher would proceed through the process of using the test scores to aid in making decisions about future instruction
- Case studies, consisting of interviews conducted by the author with district-level administrators, building administrators, and classroom teachers, all of whom have been engaged in a process of incorporating test scores into decision making for several years
This book could serve as a supplement to any course that incorporates standardized testing as a topic, including but not limited to courses in classroom assessment, educational psychology, content methods, reading, special education, curriculum, literacy, administration, the principalship, and the superintendency.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Preface
SECTION ONE: OVERVIEW OF STANDARDIZED TESTING: CONCEPTS AND TERMINOLOGY
1. What Is "Standardized" Testing?
What Makes a Test "Standardized"?
A Brief History of Standardized Testing in American Education
How Standardized Tests Are Developed
Test Bias
Types of Standardized Tests Based on Purpose
Types of Standardized Tests Based on Scores
Summary
Activities for Application and Reflection
2. The Importance of Standardized Testing
Appropriate Uses of Standardized Testing in Education
Misuses of Standardized Testing in Education
Why Educators Dislike Standardized Testing
Why Educators (Should) Like Standardized Testing
Summary
Activities for Application and Reflection
3. Standardized Test Administration and Preparation
Standardized Administration Procedures
Testwiseness Skills
Do's and Dont's of Test Preparation
"Teaching to the Test" Versus "Teaching to the Standards"- A Final Word
Summary
Activities for Application and Reflection
SECTION TWO: STANDARDIZED TEST SCORES AND THEIR INTERPRETATIONS
4. Test Reports
Overview of Test Reports
Individual Student Reports
Class Reports
Building- and District-Level Reports
Summary
Activities for Application and Reflection
5. Criterion-Referenced Test Scores and Their Interpretations
What Do Criterion-Referenced Test Scores Tell Us?
Selected-Response Test Items
Constructed-Response Test Items
The Nature of Cut Scores
Summary
Activities for Application and Reflection
6. Norm-Referenced Test Scores and Their Interpretations
What Do Norm-Referenced Scores Tell Us?
The Nature of Norm Groups
Types of Norm-Referenced Scores
Standard Error of Measurement and Confidence Intervals
Summary
Activities for Application and Reflection
SECTION THREE: USING STANDARDIZED TEST SCORES IN INSTRUCTIONAL DECISION MAKING
7. Group-Level Decision Making
Data-Driven Decision Making
A Process for Focusing on Group Instruction
Summary
Activities for Application and Reflection
8. Student-Level Decision Making
A Process for Focusing on Individual Instruction (Intervention)
Summary
Activities for Application and Reflection
9. Value-Added Analysis and Interpretation
What Is "Value-Added" Analysis?
A Process for Value-Added Decision Making
Summary
Activities for Application and Reflection
SECTION FOUR: CASE STUDIES: INTERVIEWS WITH TEACHERS AND ADMINISTRATORS
District and School Profiles
Interview Transcripts: Teachers
Interview Transcripts: Administrators
Glossary
References
Index
About the Author

Portrait

Craig A. Mertler has been an educator for 30 years, 20 of those in higher education. He is currently an Associate Professor and Coordinator of the EdD Program in Leadership and Innovation at Arizona State University. He teaches doctoral courses focused on the application of action research to promote educator empowerment, school improvement, and job-embedded professional development and also teaches quantitative research methods, introductory statistical analysis, multivariate statistical analysis, and educational assessment methods. He is the author of 20 books, four invited book chapters, 18 refereed journal articles, two instructors' manuals, and numerous nonrefereed articles and manuscripts. He has also presented more than 35 research papers at professional meetings around the country as well as internationally. He conducts workshops for in-service educational professionals (at all levels) on classroom-based action research and on the broad topic of classroom assessment. His primary research and consulting interests include classroom-based action research, data-driven educational decision making, professional learning communities, and classroom teachers' assessment literacy. Before teaching and researching at the university level, he taught high school biology and earth science and also coached track and volleyball. In his leisure time, he enjoys traveling with his family and playing golf. Dr. Mertler can be reached at Craig. Mertler@asu.edu or craig.mertler@gmail.com for consulting, professional development, and speaking engagements.

EAN: 9781412937191
ISBN: 1412937191
Untertitel: New. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: SAGE PUBN
Erscheinungsdatum: April 2007
Seitenanzahl: 272 Seiten
Format: kartoniert
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