East Asia: Identities and Change in the Modern World, 1700-Present
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BeschreibungIn "East Asia"" Identities and Change in the Modern World," accomplished historian R. Keith Schoppa uses the prism of cultural identities to examine the four countries that make up the East Asian cultural sphere--China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam--from roughly 1700 to the present. This book explores modern East Asian history through the themes of identities and change.
InhaltsverzeichnisChapter One Basic Identities The Chasm between the Cultures of Traditional East Asia and the Modern World Senses of Time and Space Basic Social Unit Social Hierarchy Social Goals and Patterns State and Government Ways of Thinking about Life and the World Rice Culture: The World of East Asian Agriculture Three Ways of Thought in Traditional East Asia Confucianism Daoism Buddhism Chapter Two From Multicultural Empire to Semicolony: The Qing Dynasty, 1750-1870 The Manchus Buying into Chinese Culture The Civil Service Examination Rituals, Religion, and Values Dealing with the Other Identity and Change: The Qianlong Emperor Identity Crisis Emerging Problems The Early Western Role China and the West: Mutual Perceptions Early-Nineteenth-Century Political and Social Instability The Opium Tragedy and War The Unequal Treaty System Foreign Concessions Extraterritoriality with Consular Jurisdiction Foreign Ambassadorial Residence The Missionary and Cultural Imperialism Chapter Three Rebellion and War: The Qing State in Decline, 1850-1901 The Taiping Rebellion (1851-1864): Attempts to Revolutionize Identity The Taiping Revolution Why the Revolution Failed Guerrilla Warfare: The Nian Rebellion (1853-1868) Muslims versus Chinese: Clashes in Ethnic Identity Self-Strengthening Russia in China Imperialism and China's Tributary States Loss of the Liuqin (Ry u-kyu-) Islands Vietnam and French Colonialism Struggling for Korea The Sino-Chinese War, 1894-1895 The Scramble for Concessions The Reform Movement of the 1890s The Boxer Catastrophe Chapter Four From Tributary Younger Brother to Colony: Vietnam, 1770s-1925 Patterns in Vietnamese History The Tay Son Rebellion The Nguyen Dynasty The Reigns of the Gia-long and Mmh-mang Emperors The Course of French Imperialism The Nature of French Colonialism The Vietnamese Response to French Control Phan Boi Chau (1867-1940) and Phan Chu Trinh (1872-1926) Key Journalists and the Identity of a Modern Vietnam Schools and Education Vietnamese Society in the 1920s The Trial of Phan Boi Chau, 1925 Chapter Five The Tokugawa Regime (1603-1830): Early Modern Japan Issues of Identity The Tokugawa System Controlling the Daimyo Other Measures of Control Tokugawa Society: The Samurai The Floating World Tokugawa Society: Peasants Tokugawa Political Thought Traditional Education Values and Attitudes in the Wider Society Chapter Six The Last Years of Feudal Japan, 1830-1868 The Tempo Crises (1830-1844) The Famine The Threat from Outside The Reforms The Coming of Perry and Japanese Reactions Bakumatsu Four Narrative Structures Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarian (Sonrio-jm) Domestic Complications Terrorism and Civil War The Bases of Chosh u-'s and Satsuma's Power The End Game The Restoration's Meaning Chapter Seven Forging a New Japanese Identity: The Meiji Revolution The Charter Oath and Its Revolutionary Impact The Satsuma Rebellion The People's Rights Movement and the Turn to Representative Government The Meiji Constitution The Early Years of the Japanese Diet Economic Development Conservative Reaction Japan's Dealing with the Outside World Chapter Eight "A Sea in a Heavy Gale": Korea, 1724-1905 Patterns in Korean History The Choson Dynasty: The Scourge of Factionalism Invasion: A Sea in a Heavy Gale Kings and Princes: The Eighteenth Century Catholicism (Western Learning) The State of Politics and Society in Mid-Nineteenth-Century Korea The Tonghak Movement The Era of the Taewon'gun The Opening of Korea The Independence Club and Reform The Fall of the Choson Dynasty Chapter Nine Chinese Identity in Turmoil: Reform, Revolution, and Reaction, 1901-1937 The Revolutionary Manchus Educational Reform Military Reform Constitutionalism The Anti-Manchu Revolutionary Movement The 1911 Revolution The Presidency of Yuan Shikai The Power of the Gun The May Fourth Movement The New Culture Movement The Language Revolution The May Fourth Incident and Its Aftermath Political Change First; Cultural Change Will Follow Cultural Change First; Political Change Will Follow The Historical Significance of the May Fourth Movement The Birth of the Communist Party Giving the Guomindang a New Identity Things Fall Apart The Beginning of Mass Mobilization The Northern Expedition A Failed Revolution: The Nanjing Years Chapter Ten "Grown, But Not Grown Up": Japan, 1912-1937 The Taisho-Era Political System The Heyday of Political Parties Taisho Society Japan and the Wider World, 1912-1928 The Waning of Party Dominance Manchuria The Military and the Revolutionary Right Politics and Society in the 1930s Japanese Aggression on the March The Xi'an Incident The Marco Polo Bridge Incident Chapter Eleven Under the Imperialist Gun: Vietnam, Korea, and Taiwan Vietnam: France's Colony The Beginning of the Revolution, 1925-1941 Searching for New Communities in a Period of Malaise The Communist Movement in the 1930s: Like a Yo-Yo Korea: Japan's Colony The Elimination of a Nation: Korea Becomes Chosen Under the Black Umbrella Taiwan: Japan's Colony Resistance and Suppression The Beginning of Modernization A More Liberal Colonialism Colonial Policies during the War (1937-1945) Chapter Twelve Cataclysm: East Asia in World War II The Course of the War in China The War in Central China The War hi North China Keeping the Pressure on Jiang The Ichigo Offensive The Exodus Soldiers and the Military Collaboration Wartime Guomindang China The United States and China during the War Japan's Greater East Asia Co- Prosperity Sphere The Pacific War The Japanese Home Front Wartime Experiences in Korea and Taiwan The Firebombmgs The End Game Chapter Thirteen From Success to Tragedy: The Chinese Communist Revolution, 1931-1976 Years in the Wilderness: Incipient Revolution The Communists at Yan'an, 1937-1945 The Civil War The People's Republic: Successes, 1949-1957 Land Reform Revolution in the Family Urban Revolution The First Five-Year Plan The War in Korea, 1950-1953 The Hundred Flowers Movement and the Antirightist Campaign The Great Leap Forward (and Backward) The Great Famine, 1959-1961 The Sino-Soviet Split The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, 1966-1976 Mao in Retrospect Chapter Fourteen The Phoenix: Japan, 1945-1973 The Occupation Japanese Political Developments, 1952-1973: "The More Things Change ..." The Yoshida Years Conservatism and Polarization, 1954-1960 The Era of Good Feelings: Ikeda's Plan Sato Eisaku (1964-1972): Economic Growth and Healing the Scars of War Why the Economic "Miracle"? The New Activism Chapter Fifteen The Korean Tragedy: War and Identity, 1945-1979 The Korean People's Republic and Its Demise Laying the Groundwork for Disaster, 1945-1948 Emergence of the States of North Korea and South Korea The Korean War, 1950-1953 The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), 1953-1979 The Supreme Brain of the Nation" Economic Developments Emphasizing and Expanding the Military The Republic of Korea (ROK): Autocrats, 1953-1979 The Years of Park Chung-hee (1961-1979) Relations between North and South Chapter Sixteen The Vietnam Wars, 1941-1975 The Viet Minh and the August Revolution The French War, 1946-1954 The Geneva Accords, 1954 The Republic of Vietnam, 1954-1968 Ngo Dinh Diem and "Nation-Building" The Insurgency: The National Liberation Front Changing Civil War into an American War The Democratic Republic of Vietnam, 1954-1968 War, 1968-1975 The End Game Chapter Seventeen Socialism with a Chinese and a Vietnamese Face, 1980s to the Present China: Reform and Reaction Opening the Window to the World Political Authoritarianism Democracy Wall (1978-1979) Exit Hu Yaobang (1986-1987) The Democracy Movement (Beijing Spring, 1989) The Aftermath: Sino-American Relations Economics in Command Chinese International Relations: An Overview Greater China: Issues of Identity Special Administrative Regions: Hong Kong and Macao Autonomous Regions: Tibet and Xingjiang China and the East Asian Region Dealing with the Soviet Union (Russia After 1991) The Socialist Republic of Vietnam Chapter Eighteen Whither Japan? From the 1970s to the Present LDP Hegemony, 1972-1987 Japan and the United States: Trade, Mutual Perceptions, and Culture Clash The New Affluence The End of the Showa Era After Nakasone Scandals Economic Collapse Dysfunctional Japanese Politics The Process of Political Decision Making Japanin the World The United States China The Koreas Southeast Asia The Soviet Union (Russia After 1991) The Middle East Europe Chapter Nineteen A "Democracy" in the South, a "Hermit Kingdom" in the North: Korea, 1980s to the Present The South Sunday, Bloody Sunday Chun's "Fifth Republic," 1981-1987 The Presidency of Roh Tae-woo (1988-1993) The Presidency of Kim Young-sam (1993-1998) Economic Crisis of the Late 1990s The Presidency of Kim Dae-jung (1998-2003) The North Relations Between North and South Korea from the 1980s On North Korea, the United States, Japan, and Nuclear Weapons Chapter Twenty Contemporary East Asian Identities: Commonalities and Differences Consumerism and the Culture of Consumption China Taiwan Vietnam Japan The Koreas Environmental Crises The Family and Gender Relations China Taiwan Vietnam Japan The Koreas Political Culture at Century's Beginning China Taiwan Vietnam Japan North Korea South Korea Endnotes Phonetic Spelling of Chinese, Korean, Japanese, and Vietnamese Words Index
Untertitel: Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: PRENTICE HALL
Erscheinungsdatum: September 2007
Seitenanzahl: 561 Seiten