Modern Local Government
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BeschreibungThis text provides a systematic review of the reform of local government since the election of New Labour in 1997. Modern Local Government:
" provides the relevant historical context for the predicted 'death of local government' in the Thatcher era
" explains the New Labour agenda for local government and the components which make up local governance in England today
" offers substantive discussion of: decision-making; community strategies; performance measures; procurement, privatization, partnerships; the role of e-government; and standards and corruption
" analyzes the implications of reform at different spatial scales - from the local to the regional - and offers a rich discussion of the 'new localism'
" presents an overview of the role of European Union legislation in areas like employment, environment and competition.
" concludes with a consideration of the possible futures for local government including local area agreements, local public service boards and choice.
Modern Local Government is a unique assessment of local government reform from the perspective of both local and central government, which is fully informed by an analysis of the role of the European Union. It will be the key resource for all students of local government in planning and related disciplines.
Why local government?
The debate on central-local relations
The context of local government reform
How do they do it elsewhere?
The notion of social capital
The relationship between local performance and the economy
2 Great Expectations - the position in 1997
The view of local government: the legacy of expectation
The view of the 1997 New Labour Government: the legacy of fear
Paving the way for reform
Real issues on the agenda - which key issues did local authorities face in 1997
3 The new approach to decision making in local government
The new Council Constitutions
The role of the Council
The role of the Executive
Scrutiny and overview
The emerging roles of local councillors
Reforming local government representation at the centre
4 Promoting well being and the community's interest
Understanding the role of a general power of competence - the European Charter of self-governance
The duty to promote the economic, social and environmental well being of the communities being served
Promoting community leadership
Community leadership and the CPA
Community Strategies and LA21 - towards environmental well being
Community Strategies and Local Development Frameworks
Removing Plan requirements
5 Performance and Freedoms
The role of the Audit Commission
Best value: why competition?
The best value process
Comprehensive Performance Assessment
Does performance assessment work?
Capacity for delivery
Freedoms and flexibilities
6 Delivery with partners - procurement, privatisation, partnerships, trading and choice
Local authorities as employers
Joint service delivery between local authorities
The Lyons and Gershon Reviews: from central to local delivery?
The growing potential of the voluntary sector
7 Joining up around customers - the role of e-government
The problems of silo government for the citizen
Local implementation of e-government
Developing and implementing priority outcomes
The barriers to citizen engagement and delivery
Efficiency and e-government
Changing the citizen's relationship with government?
8 Councillors, Standards and Corruption
The system before the Local Government Act 2000
The Nolan Committee on Standards in Public Life
The Standards Board for England
The conduct of local authority staff
Public service ethics
9 The future of local government finance
Local government's constitutional role and finance
Central and local discretions - assessing the boundaries
The continuing legacy of the Layfield Committee
The dynamic of efficiency
The use of property assets - an example of improving efficiency at the local level
A new freedom - the case of business rates
A new localist solution?
10 New Localism
The rise of new localism
Pressures for reduction in local powers
Culture and habit
11 Local Strategic Partnerships - the way forward
Partnership working - programmes and policies
Local Strategic Partnerships
How are LSPs developing?
How effective are LSPs so far?
The future for LSPs, LAAs and Public Service Boards?
12 Parishes, Town Councils and Neighbourhood Working
Developments since 1997
Parish and town councils
Devolved working in local authorities
Emerging forms of local management
The role of Local Strategic Partnerships in neighbourhood development
13 Regions Sub-Regions and London
Regional working in England 1993-2004 - moving from central ways of working
Regionalising the centre
How have these regional arrangements worked for local government in England?
14 What is the future of local government?
Shaping influences for the future of local government
Holding local government to account
The choice agenda
Using the third sector
Smaller numbers of professionalized councillors?
Public service reform
Creating a single pubic service
PortraitJanice Morphet, a member of the Modernising Local Government team and e-government advisor at the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, has been appointed as an Honorary Professor at the Bartlett for a five year period from January 2005.
Untertitel: black & white tables. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: SAGE Publications Inc
Erscheinungsdatum: Dezember 2007
Seitenanzahl: 200 Seiten