BeschreibungThis unique book is concerned with the general principles and theories of population ecology, based on the idea that the rules governing the dynamics of populations are relatively simple, and that the rich behavior we observe in nature is a consequence of the structure of the system rather than of the complexity of the underlying rules. From this perspective, the dynamic behavior of single-species populations is examined and an elementary feedback model of the population system is developed. This single-species model is refined and generalized by examining the mechanisms of population regulation.
InhaltsverzeichnisContents. Preface to the first edition. Preface to the second edition. Acknowledgements. Part I. Population Systems. Introduction to Part I. 1. A Brief Look at General Systems. 1.1. What is a System? 1.2. The State of a System. 1.3. Dynamic Systems. 1.4. System Diagrams. 1.5. Feedback Control. 1.6. The Stability of Systems. 1.7. Anticipatory Feedforward. 1.8. Systems Analysis in Biology. 1.9. Chapter Summary. Exercises. Notes. 2. Population Dynamics and an Elementary Model. 2.1. What is a Population? 2.2. Dynamics in Populations. 2.3. An Elementary Population Model. 2.4. Analysis of the Model. 2.5. Environmental and Genetic Effects. 2.6. Chapter Summary. Exercises. Notes. 3. Population Regulation and a General Model. 3.1. Density-Dependant Mechanisms. 3.1.1. Competitive Processes. 3.1.2. Cooperative Processes. 3.2. Feedback Integration. 3.3. A General Population Model. 3.4. Analysis of the Model. 3.4.1. Environmental and Genetic Effects. 3.5. Populations in Changing Environments. 3.5.1. Environmental Feedback. 3.6. Complex Density-Dependant Relationships. 3.7. Chapter Summary. Exercises. Notes. Part II. Systems of Interacting Populations. Introduction to Part II. 4. Interactions between Two Species. 4.1. Population Interactions. 4.2. Cooperative Interactions. 4.3. Competitive Interactions. 4.3.1. Nonlinear Competitive Interactions. 4.3.2. Competition in Variable Environments. 4.3.3. Strategies of the Competitor. 4.4. Predator-Prey Interactions. 4.4.1. Nonlinear Predator-Prey Interactions. 4.4.2. Predator Functional Responses. 4.4.3. Predation in Variable Environments. 4.4.4. Predator and Prey Strategies. 4.5. Chapter Summary. Exercises. Notes. 5. Interactions in Space. 5.1. Introduction. 5.2. Movements in Space. 5.3. Dynamics in Space. 5.4. The Spread and Collapse of Pest Epidemics. 5.5. Stability in Space. 5.6. Population Quality in Space. 5.7. Environmental Stratification. 5.8. Chapter Summary. Notes. 6. Interactions between many Species (Ecological Communities). 6.1. Community Structure. 6.2. Community Stability. 6.2.1. Predation as a Stabilizing Influence. 6.3. Community Dynamics. 6.4. Chapter Summary. Exercises. Notes. Epilogue: The Human Dilemma. Answers to Exercises. Author Index. Subject Index.
PortraitPavel Kindlmann is professor of ecology at the Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic and performs research on various aspects of biodiversity as the Head of the Biodiversity Research Centre, in the CzechGlobe - Global Change Research Centre, Academy of Sciences, in eské Bud jovice, Czech Republic. His main interests include population and metapopulation dynamics and life history strategies with a special emphasis on insect herbivores, their predators, and on the orchid family. He authored or edited several books on population systems, orchids and conservation biology and published about 100 scientific papers in prominent journals.
PressestimmenFrom the reviews of the second edition:
"This text aims to build a concept of models and thus show how the more complex ideas can be understood. ... This is a detailed, technical publication which would be best suited to students of theoretical ecology. ... the gradual building of the model means that a wide range of readers will gain something from the text. ... Overall, a good text for the specialist and a useful reference for those really wanting to understand the theory of modelling from the ground up." (Thermoelectric News, July, 2008)
"Berryman (Washington State Univ.) and Kindlmann (Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic) address the general principles and theories of population ecology using simplified interpretations of general systems theory and graphical procedures. ... Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduate through research and faculty collections." (R. L. Smith, Choice, Vol. 46 (4), December, 2008)
Untertitel: A General Introduction. 2nd ed. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: Springer-Verlag GmbH
Erscheinungsdatum: April 2008