BeschreibungMassive urban growth can either help pave the way to sustainable development or greatly exacerbate poverty and environmental stress. The outcome depends on decisions being made now. The first part of this book takes a critical look at the forecasting of population growth and migration using the UN Population Division's cities databases. The second part looks specifically at urbanization and poverty, focusing attention on the critical issues of urban shelter, land and service provision and the socioeconomic and demographic information needed for improving governance and social programmes. Part three looks at social difference, equity and urban demography, pointing out the potential advantages of urbanization for poverty reduction, the empowerment of women and youths, and even the reduction of HIV/AIDS. The final part of the book examines social and sustainable use of urban space including coping with urban expansion, urban sprawl, global environmental change and urbanization. There is also special treatment China, and the critical case of urbanization in low elevation coastal zones in the context of global climate change and rising sea levels.
Published with IIED and UNFPA
InhaltsverzeichnisIntroduction * Part I: Urban Transitions * The Urban Transition and Decentralization * Demographics and Transitions in a Global System * Urbanization, Poverty and Inequity * Urbanization in Latin America * Part II: Urbanization and Poverty * Shelter and Poverty * Land and Services for the Poor in Rapidly Urbanizing Countries * Community Organizations of the Urban Poor * Socioeconomic and Demographic Information for Social Policies * African Migration and Urbanization * Growth Patterns and its Implications for Scenarios in India * Part III: Social Difference and Urban Demography * Poverty and Growth * Gender * Youth * Ageing in Developing Countries * HIV/AIDS * Part IV: Social and Sustainable Use of Space * Overview * Sprawl and Sustainable Cities * A New Way of Looking at Urban Areas * Preparing for Expansion * Informality and Poverty in Latin American Policies * Urban Transition in China * Urbanization in Low Elevation Coastal Zones * Bibliography, Index
PortraitGeorge Martine is lead author of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) report State of World Population 2007: Unleashing the Potential of Urban Growth, and a consultant in Brazil. Gordon McGranahan is the Head of the Human Settlements Group at the IIED. Mark Montgomery is a professor of economics at Stony Brook University, New York, and a senior associate at the Population Council. Rogelio Fern?ndez-Castilla is former Director of the Technical Support Division (TSD) of UNFPA.
Pressestimmen'This remarkable book convincingly challenges urban misconceptions about such issues as growth, poverty and the environment, and uses compelling evidence-based arguments to demonstrate why urbanization is the most important 21st century priority. Its ambitious, comprehensive scope ... ensures that it will become an indispensable classic for policymakers, practitioners and academics.' Caroline Moser, Director, Global Urban Research Centre, Manchester University 'Too many policymakers fear our urban future, seeing only slums and strife. With the help of this excellent and timely volume, they should look again, and they may see a fast-disappearing historic opportunity: well-managed urban growth has the potential to provide more solutions than problems.' Billy Cobbett, Manager of Cities Alliance 'We need to recognize the centrality of urbanization's challenges and their overwhelming impacts, especially in poorer countries ... This book helps overcome national and international resistance to this agenda and, more importantly, indicates alternative approaches that serve to dispel our puzzlement at this gigantic challenge.' Erminia Maricato, Former Undersecretary, Ministry of Cities, Brazil
Untertitel: Urbanization, Poverty and Environment in the 21st Century. 1, black & white illustrations. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Erscheinungsdatum: August 2008
Seitenanzahl: 400 Seiten