Women''s Roles in the 1994 Rwanda Genocide and the Empowerment of Women in the Aftermath

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November 2013



Explorations of women''s roles in armed conflict have traditionally focused on women as victims, which has lead to a limited understanding of the active roles women have played during and after conflicts. For example, analyses of the roles of women in the 1994 Rwanda genocide have largely focused on the victimization of women through rapes and mutilations, which leaves many dimensions unexplored. Exposing the roles of women in perpetrating violence or reconciliation efforts for example, can contribute to a more nuanced understanding of the roles of women in wartime and challenge the traditional gender stereotypes which that have denied women''s agency dealing with the aftermath of conflict. This study aims to contribute to the literature on women and conflict, specifically ethnic conflict, by providing a broader and thus more accurate picture of the roles of women during and after the Rwanda genocide. Specifically this study explores the following question: What roles did Rwandan women play in the genocide and are women revealing their agency and abilities in the aftermath? This thesis explores the gendered nature of the Rwanda genocide as revealed in the violence committed against women and by women during the Rwanda genocide (women as victims and perpetrators), as well as the position of women in post-genocide Rwanda (their agency in reconciliation and reconstruction). This research represents a qualitative study based on information provided by news sources, ethnic conflict and genocide literature, feminist literature, reports by non-governmental organizations, and international organizations including the United Nations (specifically the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda) and the World Bank. The roles of women during and after conflict have been traditionally understood from a biased perspective, however the genocide in Rwanda has revealed the great extent to which women are affected by conflict, participate in conflict, and contribute to reconstruction and reconciliation efforts.


Sarah Blizzard is a graduate of Samford University, where she received a Bachelor''s degree Cum Laude in Political Science and German, and the Georgia Institute of Technology, where she received a Master''s degree in International Affairs. Her fields of study include politics of the European Union and human rights focusing on women''s issues. Sarah''s research includes her master''s thesis, "Women''s Roles in the 1994 Rwanda Genocide and the Empowerment of Women in the Aftermath" and co-authorship of studies on German culture and literature. Sarah''s work experience includes internships with Capital Research Center in Washington, D.C (www.capitalresearch.org), Civitas (Institute for the Study of Civil Society) in London, U.K. (www.civitas.org/uk), and the Coca-Cola Company in Brussels, Belgium (www.coca-cola.com). Sarah currently works in resource development at CARE USA, a leading humanitarian organization fighting global poverty by empowering women in the developing world (www.care.org).
EAN: 9783836462938
ISBN: 3836462931
Untertitel: Paperback.
Verlag: VDM Verlag Dr. Müller e.K.
Erscheinungsdatum: November 2013
Seitenanzahl: 100 Seiten
Format: kartoniert
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